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|Part of the Microsoft Windows family|
|Initial release||January 30, 2007info][|
|Stable release||6.0 (Build 6002: Service Pack 2) (April 28, 2009 ) [info]|
|Source model||Closed source / Shared source|
|License||Proprietary commercial software|
|Update method||Windows Update, Windows Server Update Services, SCCM|
|Platform support||IA-32 and x86-64|
|Preceded by||Windows XP|
|Succeeded by||Windows 7|
|Mainstream support: Ended on April 10, 2012. Extended support: Ended on April 11, 2017.|
Windows Vista is the 6th version of the Microsoft Windows operating system from Microsoft. It is the successor to Windows XP. While it was being made, it was called Longhorn. On July 28, 2005, Microsoft gave out its real name, which was Windows Vista. Microsoft stopped supporting Windows Vista on April 11, 2017.
Microsoft had worked on Vista for more than five years, so it came with many new features, such as improved graphics, new built-in programs, and stronger defenses against malware. However, Windows Vista introduced many changes to the way the operating system worked, which caused some older programs to stop working.
Vista editions and system requirements
Vista was released in November 2006 for computer makers and January 30, 2007 for home users. The six main editions of Windows Vista are:
- Home Basic Edition
- Home Premium Edition
- Starter Edition
- Business Edition
- Enterprise Edition
- Ultimate Edition
Some editions are meant for home use, while others are made mainly for businesses. Starter Edition is similar to Windows XP Starter Edition, as it is a low-budget edition that was only released in countries where computers were not as common. Enterprise Edition is for big companies that need computers that have good performance.
|Vista Capable||Vista Premium Ready|
|Processor||800 MHz||1 GHz|
|Memory||512 MB||1 GB|
|Graphics card||DirectX 9.0 capable||DirectX 9.0 capable and WDDM 1.0 driver support|
|Graphics memory||64 MB||128 MB|
|HDD capacity||40 GB||80 GB|
|HDD free space||15 GB|
|Optical drives||DVD-ROM drive (Only to install from DVD-ROM media)|
At first, a major version of Windows code-named Blackcomb was planned as the successor to Windows XP and Windows Server 2003. Features planned for Blackcomb included the Sidebar, an emphasis on looking for data, and an advanced storage system named WinFS. However, a minor release code-named Longhorn was announced for 2003, delaying the making of Blackcomb. By the middle of 2003, Longhorn had gotten some of the features meant for Blackcomb. After three major viruses exploited flaws in Windows operating systems within a short time in 2003, Microsoft changed its development priorities, putting some of Longhorn's major development work on hold while they made new service packs for Windows XP and Windows Server 2003. Development of Longhorn was reset in September 2004, and it was renamed to Windows Vista. A number of features were cut from Windows Vista as it was being remade.
After Windows Vista was released, Microsoft announced a new plan for the next version of Windows, code-named Windows 7, in 2007.
Microsoft releases service packs to update software and fix problems to the operating system.
Service Pack 1
Windows Vista Service Pack 1 (SP1) was released on February 4, 2008 alongside Windows Server 2008 to OEM partners, after a five-month beta test period. The first use of the service pack caused a number of machines to continually reboot, making them unusable. This caused Microsoft to temporarily stop release of the service pack until the problem was resolved. The same release date of the two operating systems showed the merging of the workstation and server kernels back into a single code base for the first time since Windows 2000. MSDN subscribers were able to download SP1 on February 15, 2008. SP1 became available to current Windows Vista users on Windows Update and the Download Center on March 18, 2008. Initially, the service pack only supported 5 languages - English, French, Spanish, German and Japanese. Support for the remaining 31 languages was released on April 14, 2008.
Service Pack 2
Service Pack 2 for Windows Vista was released to manufacturing on April 28, 2009, Windows Vista SP2 RTM + Windows Vista SP1 Blocker Tool Removed</ref> and released to Microsoft Download Center and Windows Update on May 26, 2009. In addition to security and other fixes, a number of new features were added. However, it did not include Internet Explorer 8.
- "Windows Vista with SP2 RTM Slipstreamed/Integrated DVD ISO Image (BT Download)". http://www.mydigitallife.info/2009/04/29/windows-vista-with-sp2-rtm-slipstreamedintegrated-dvd-iso-image-bt-download/. Retrieved May 25, 2009.
- "Windows Licensing Programs". Microsoft. June 2011. http://www.microsoft.com/resources/sharedsource/windowslp.mspx. Retrieved September 21, 2008.
- Microsoft. "Windows Vista Lifecycle Policy". Microsoft. http://support.microsoft.com/lifecycle/search/?sort=PN&alpha=Windows+Vista&Filter=FilterNO. Retrieved April 13, 2010.
- "Microsoft Unveils Windows Vista Product Lineup: Offerings deliver unique value across business and consumer audiences.". 2006-11-16. https://web.archive.org/web/20061116164533/http://www.microsoft.com/presspass/press/2006/feb06/02-26WinVistaProductsPR.mspx.
- "Windows Vista Enterprise Hardware Planning Guidance". TechNet. Microsoft. 2006. https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc507845.aspx. Retrieved October 26, 2006.
- Windows Vista minimum supported system requirements "Windows Vista: Recommended System Requirements". Microsoft. http://www.microsoft.com/windows/products/windowsvista/editions/systemrequirements.mspx. Retrieved March 13, 2008.
- Any optical drive that can read DVD-ROM media.
- Lettice, John (October 24, 2001). "Gates confirms Windows Longhorn for 2003". The Register. https://www.theregister.co.uk/2001/10/24/gates_confirms_windows_longhorn.
- "Microsoft cuts key Longhorn feature". Todd Bishop. Hearst Seattle Media, LLC. August 28, 2004. http://www.seattlepi.com/business/188339_msftcuts28.html.
- Foley, Mary J (July 20, 2007). Windows Seven: Think 2010. ZDNet. http://blogs.zdnet.com/microsoft/?p=592. Retrieved September 19, 2007.
- No update from Microsoft on Vista SP1, Media Center problems. Zdnet. 2008-02-18. http://blogs.zdnet.com/microsoft/?p=1197. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
- Announcing the RTM of Windows Vista SP1. Microsoft. 2008-02-04. http://windowsvistablog.com/blogs/windowsvista/archive/2008/02/04/announcing-the-rtm-of-windows-vista-sp1.aspx. Retrieved 2008-02-04.
- Windows Vista Service Pack 1 Beta White Paper. Microsoft. 2007-08-29. p. 1. http://windowsvistablog.com/blogs/windowsvista/pages/windows-vista-service-pack-1-beta-whitepaper.aspx. Retrieved 2007-08-29.
- Feb. Launch Now Set for Windows Vista SP1. PC World Magazine. 2008-01-31. Archived from the original on 6 February 2008. https://web.archive.org/web/20080206102920/http://www.pcworld.com/article/id,142054-c,vistalonghorn/article.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Windows Vista Service Pack 1 All Language Standalone (KB936330)". http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=910.
- "Windows Vista SP2 RTM + Windows Vista SP1 Blocker Tool Removed - Windows Vista Team Blog - The Windows Blog". 2009-04-30. https://web.archive.org/web/20090430071558/http://windowsteamblog.com/blogs/windowsvista/archive/2009/04/28/windows-vista-sp2-rtm-windows-vista-sp1-blocker-tool-removed.aspx.
- Oiaga, Marius. "Download Windows Vista Service Pack 2 (SP2) RTM". https://news.softpedia.com/news/Windows-Vista-Service-Pack-2-SP2-RTM-Download-112541.shtml.
- Mike Nash (2008-10-24). Windows Vista Team Blog : Windows Vista Service Pack 2 Beta. http://windowsvistablog.com/blogs/windowsvista/archive/2008/10/24/windows-vista-service-pack-2-beta.aspx. Retrieved 2008-10-24.
- "Information about Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2 and Windows Vista Service Pack 2". Microsoft. 2008-10-02. http://support.microsoft.com/kb/948465. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
- Microsoft Windows Vista — Microsoft Windows Vista homepage
- Microsoft Windows Vista Upgrade Info — Windows Vista Upgrade planning
- Microsoft Windows Vista Hardware Design — Hardware Design for Windows Vista — News for Driver Developers and Hardware Engineers
- Microsoft Technet — Windows Vista: Resources for IT Professionals
- MSDN — Windows Vista Developer Center on MSDN
- The Windows Vista Blog — Official blog of the Windows Vista Team
Reviews and screenshots
- Windows Vista Screenshots Gallery Archived 2008-05-05 at the Wayback Machine — Collection of Vista Screenshots from Different Builds
- Features of Windows Vista
- Windows Vista 32-bit and 64-bit Performance Compared
- Windows Vista Ultimate — CNET review
- Windows XP vs. Vista: The Benchmark Rundown — Tom's Hardware Guide review