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|Part of the Microsoft Windows family|
|Windows XP running on a computer|
|Initial release||1999 (as a beta version/Microsoft Windows Codename Whistler)|
August 24, 2001 [info]
|Stable release||5.1 (Build 2600: Service Pack 3) (April 21, 2008info]) [|
|Source model||Closed source, Shared source|
|License||Proprietary commercial software|
|Update method||Windows Update|
Windows Server Update Services (WSUS)
System Center Configuration Manager (SCCM)
|Platform support||IA-32, x86-64 and Itanium|
|Preceded by||Windows 2000 (2000)|
Windows ME (2000)
|Succeeded by||Windows Vista (2007)|
|Support ended on April 8, 2014|
Windows XP is a version of the Microsoft Windows operating system for personal computers. The letters "XP" stand for eXPerience. Microsoft released Windows XP on October 25, 2001. Windows XP replaced Windows 2000 and Windows ME, which helped complete the unification of the NT and 9x branches of Windows. It was replaced by Windows Vista. Windows XP was the second most used computer operating system in the world as late as April 2012. Following the release of Windows XP, many computer manufacturers including (but not limited to) Dell, Hewlett Packard, Acer, IBM, Compaq, and Toshiba rebadged their computers (mostly laptops) to Windows XP from Windows 2000. You can tell a laptop from that time was initially sold with Windows 2000 if the Windows (WIN) key on the keyboard has the previous Windows logo.
Microsoft stopped supporting Windows XP on April 8, 2014 (with exceptional security updates being made e.g. in 2019, to address ransomware threats) and Microsoft and authorities warn users against still using Windows XP. However, Windows XP remained a popular operating system for a long time after its discontinuation around the world. By August 2019, Microsoft (and others) had ended support for games on Windows XP. As of October 2019, 1.32% of Windows PCs run Windows XP. Windows XP became the most popular operating system from 2001–2007, the operating system, individually and pre-installed, selling over 500 million copies.
Home Edition is an edition that was made for home users.
Professional was made for business users, as well as power users. It had advanced management features like backup recovery, Group Policy and could support two Central processing units.
Media Center Edition was for people who liked to use their computer as a television box. It has essentially the same features as Windows XP Professional but included Windows Media Center, a program which could manage TV shows and play music, and even Netflix.
Tablet PC Edition was for users with pen-based laptops and early tablet PCs.
64-bit Edition was for computers that ran on Intel's 64-bit Itanium platform. This should not be confused with Windows XP x64 Edition, as x64 and Itanium are completely different architectures. Unlike Windows XP x64 Edition, 64-bit Edition has fewer features than Windows XP Professional. Some of these features included NTVDM and Windows on Windows, which means that 16-bit MS-DOS applications will not be able to run. It also was missing Windows Media Player features, but Windows XP 64-bit Edition Version 2003, released on March 2003, added back these media features.
Professional x64 Edition was for users with 64-bit x86-based computers. It has the same features as Windows XP Professional except for NTVDM, and introduced Windows on Windows 64, which lets 32-bit applications run on a 64-bit operating system and processor.
Starter Edition was sold mostly in developing countries. The price was low because Microsoft wanted to fight the high software piracy rate in those countries. It could only be bought with a new computer.
|Processor||233 MHz||300 MHz or higher|
|Memory||64 MB RAM (may limit performance and some features)||128 MB RAM or higher|
|Video adapter and monitor||Super VGA (800 x 600)||Super VGA (800 x 600) or higher resolution|
|Hard drive disk free space||1.5 GB||1.5 GB or higher|
|Drives||CD-ROM or DVD-ROM||CD-ROM or DVD-ROM|
|Devices||Keyboard||Keyboard and mouse|
|Others||Sound card, speakers, and headphones||Sound card, speakers, and headphones|
- "Windows Licensing Programs". Microsoft. http://www.microsoft.com/resources/sharedsource/windowslp.mspx. Retrieved September 21, 2008.
- Microsoft (February 5, 2001). "Microsoft Announces Windows XP and Office XP". Press release. Archived from the original on February 21, 2007. https://web.archive.org/web/20070221210145/http://www.microsoft.com/presspass/press/2001/feb01/02-05namingpr.mspx. Retrieved 2006-05-13.
- "W3Counter - Global Web Stats". Awio Web Services. http://www.w3counter.com/globalstats.php. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
- "System requirements for Windows XP operating systems". April 28, 2005. http://support.microsoft.com/kb/314865. Retrieved 2007-03-12.
Service Pack 2
- Windows XP Service Pack 2
- Download - Windows XP Service Pack 2 from Windows Update for Home Users
- Download - Windows XP Service Pack 2 Network Installation Package for IT Professionals
- Order Windows XP Service Pack 2 on CD for the cost of shipping and handling
- Support - Windows XP Service Pack 2 Support Site for Home Users
- Support - Windows XP Service Pack 2 Support Site for IT Professionals
- Changes to Functionality in Microsoft Windows XP Service Pack 2
Service Pack 3
- Download - Windows XP Service Pack 3 from Windows Update for Home Users
- Windows XP Service Pack 3 - The Washington Post
- Joyce, Jerry; Moon, Marianne (2004). Microsoft Windows XP Plain & Simple. Microsoft Press.