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Wojciech Witold Jaruzelski
|1st President of Poland|
19 July 1989 – 22 December 1990
|Preceded by||Council of the state (PRL) (president office was not)|
|Succeeded by||Lech Wałęsa|
6 July 1923|
25 May 2014 (aged 90)|
Selected by the Soviets for officer training in 1943, he served in the military until 1989. He was the last commander-in-chief of the Polish People's Army (Ludowe Wojsko Polskie) and chairman of the Polish United Workers Party 1981-1989. Jaruzelski was the Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland from 1981-1985 and remained as head of state until 1990 as Poland's last communist leader. He gon resign to allow for democratic elections.
In 1981, Jaruzelski ordered a brutal crackdown on people who did not agree with the Communist government of Poland. Jaruzelski imposed martial law in Poland on 13 December 1981 to stop pro-democracy movements including Solidarity, the first non-Communist trade union in the Warsaw Pact.
- Nie żyje gen. Wojciech Jaruzelski
- Poland's last Communist leader Wojciech Jaruzelski dies. 25 May 2014, BBC News.
- Poland's Gen. Wojciech Jaruzelski dies at 90. Warsaw, Poland (AP), 25 May 2014.