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Poles
Polacy
Matejko Christianization of Poland.jpg
The Baptism of Poland. Detail from Jan Matejko's Christianisation of Poland AD 966.
Total population

c. 60 million[1]

Regions with significant populations
 Poland   38,000,000[2][3][4]
  United States 10,600,000 [3][4][1][5]
  Brazil 3,000,000 [5]
  Germany 2,850,000 [6]
 Israel 1,250,000 (ancestry, passport eligible);[7] 202,300 (citizenship) [8]
  Canada 1,010,705 [9]
  France 1,000,000 [1]
Other countries
  United Kingdom 911,000 [10][11]
  Argentina 500,000 [12]
  Belarus 295,000 [13]
  Russia 273,000 [14]
  Australia 216,056 [15]
  Lithuania 164,000 [16]
  Ukraine 144,130 [17]
 Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland 122,515 [18]
  Norway 120,000 [19]
  Italy 109,018 [20]
  Sweden 75,323 [21]
  Belgium 70,600 [14]
  Spain 70,606 [22]
  Austria 69,898 [23]
  Netherlands 60,000 [14]
  Latvia 44,783 [24]
  Denmark 37,876 [25]
  Kazakhstan 34,057 [26]
  South Africa 30,000 [27]
  Czech Republic 20,305 [28]
 Flag of Paraguay.svg 16,748 [29]
  United Arab Emirates 14,500 [14]
  Greece 14,145
Languages
Polish • Kashubian • Silesian
Religions
Christianity: Predominantly Roman Catholicism[30]
Related ethnic groups
Other West Slavs: Silesians, Kashubs, Czechs, Slovaks, Moravians, Sorbs, Hanoverian Wends(†), Obotrites(†), Veleti(†)

The Polish people, or Poles (Polish: Polacy, singular Polak) are a Slavic nation and ethnic group native to Poland, they are bounded by the Polish language, which belongs to the Lechitic subgroup of west slavic languages of Central Europe, living mainly in Poland. Their religion is mainly Roman Catholic. They use modified Latin alphabet.

There are about 60 million Poles in the world. Besides Poland, many live in the United States, Australia, Brazil, Germany, Canada, France, the United Kingdom, Ukraine and elsewhere.

The most famous Poles are Pope John Paul II, Maria Skłodowska-Curie, Nicolaus Copernicus and Lech Wałęsa.

Polish names often end with "-ski", "-ska", "-cki" or "-cka".

The most popular Polish surnames are Nowak and Kowalski.

Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 37.5–38 million in Poland and 21–22 million ethnic Poles or people of ethnic Polish extraction elsewhere. "Polmap. Rozmieszczenie ludności pochodzenia polskiego (w mln)" Archived 2015-07-30 at the Wayback Machine
  2. Central Statistical Office (January 2013). "The national-ethnic affiliation in the population – The results of the census of population and housing in 2011" (in pl). p. 1. http://www.stat.gov.pl/cps/rde/xbcr/gus/Przynaleznosc_narodowo-etniczna_w_2011_NSP.pdf. Retrieved 6 March 2013. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 (in Polish) Struktura narodowo-etniczna, językowa i wyznaniowa ludności Polski [Narodowy Spis Powszechny Ludności i Mieszkań 2011]. Warsaw: Główny Urząd Statystyczny. November 2015. pp. 129-136. ISBN 978-83-7027-597-6 . https://stat.gov.pl/files/gfx/portalinformacyjny/pl/defaultaktualnosci/5670/22/1/1/struktura_narodowo-etniczna.pdf. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Główny Urząd Statystyczny (January 2013) (in Polish) (PDF). Ludność. Stan i struktura demograficzno-społeczna. Główny Urząd Statystyczny. pp. 89–101. http://stat.gov.pl/cps/rde/xbcr/gus/LUD_ludnosc_stan_str_dem_spo_NSP2011.pdf. Retrieved 12 December 2014. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Stowarzyszenie Wspólnota Polska". http://wspolnota-polska.org.pl/polonia_w_liczbach.html. Retrieved 21 August 2017. 
  6. Herwartz, Christoph (16 June 2016). "Polen in Deutschland: Verstecken war gestern". Die Zeit. http://www.zeit.de/politik/deutschland/2016-06/polen-deutschland-einwanderung-integration. 
  7. "ynet דרכון פולני בזכות הסבתא מוורשה - כלכלה". ynet. http://www.ynet.co.il/articles/0,7340,L-3376540,00.html. Retrieved 18 March 2015. 
  8. "Jews, by Country of Origin and Age" (in English, Hebrew). Statistical Abstract of Israel. Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 26 September 2011. http://www.cbs.gov.il/reader/shnaton/templ_shnaton_e.html?num_tab=st02_24x&CYear=2011. Retrieved 11 February 2012. 
  9. "Ethnic Origin (264), Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses (3), Generation Status (4), Age Groups (10) and Sex (3) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey". http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/dt-td/Rp-eng.cfm?LANG=E&APATH=3&DETAIL=0&DIM=0&FL=A&FREE=0&GC=0&GID=0&GK=0&GRP=0&PID=105396&PRID=0&PTYPE=105277&S=0&SHOWALL=0&SUB=0&Temporal=2013&THEME=95&VID=0&VNAMEE=&VNAMEF=. 
  10. "Polish diaspora in numbers" (in pl). association "Polish Community". http://wspolnota-polska.org.pl/polonia_w_liczbach.html. Retrieved 21 November 2013. 
  11. British Office for National Statistics
  12. "Clarín.com – La ampliación de la Unión Europea habilita a 600 mil argentinos para ser comunitarios". http://edant.clarin.com/diario/2004/04/27/t-749506.htm. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  13. "Changes in the populations of the majority ethnic groups". http://www.belstat.gov.by/en/perepis-naseleniya/perepis-naseleniya-2009-goda/main-demographic-and-social-characteristics-of-population-of-the-republic-of-belarus/changes-in-the-populations-of-the-majority-ethnic-groups/. Retrieved 28 July 2016. 
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 Wspólnota Polska. "Stowarzyszenie Wspólnota Polska". http://wspolnota-polska.org.pl/polonia_w_liczbach.html. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  15. "Archived copy". http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/2006Census3.nsf/logByLookupView?openagent&20050-XCP-Australia.zip&20060&Main%20Features&02006%20Census%20Expanded%20Community%20Profile28%2F11%2F071&0&2006&28.11.2007&Latest. 
  16. alkas, VšĮ Tėviškės. "A. Butkus. Lietuvos gyventojai tautybės požiūriu - Alkas.lt". http://alkas.lt/2015/12/16/a-butkus-lietuvos-gyventojai-tautybes-poziuriu/. 
  17. "Ukrainian Census 2001". http://2001.ukrcensus.gov.ua/eng/results/nationality_population/nationality_1/s5/?botton=cens_db&box=5.1W&k_t=00&p=80&rz=1_1&rz_b=2_1%20%20%20&n_page=5. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  18. "Server Error 404 - CSO - Central Statistics Office". http://www.cso.ie/en/media/csoie/census/documents/census2011pdr/Census+2011+Highlights+Part+1.pdf. Retrieved 2017-08-20. 
  19. "- 120.000 polakker i Norge". Aftenposten. http://www.aftenposten.no/nyheter/iriks/article1443964.ece. Retrieved 18 March 2015. 
  20. "ISTAT". http://www.istat.it/salastampa/comunicati/non_calendario/20090226_00/testo_integrale_20090226.pdf. Retrieved 18 March 2015. 
  21. "Befolkning efter födelseland och ursprungsland 31 december 2012" (in sv). Statistics Sweden. 31 December 2013. http://www.scb.se/Statistik/BE/BE0101/2012A01x/be0101_Fodelseland_och_ursprungsland.xls. Retrieved 22 December 2013. 
  22. "Instituto Nacional de Estadística Population Figures at 1 January 2014 – Migration Statistics 2013". http://www.ine.es/en/prensa/np854_en.pdf. Retrieved 2017-08-21. 
  23. [1][dead link]
  24. "On key provisional results of Population and Housing Census 2011". http://www.csb.gov.lv/en/notikumi/key-provisional-results-population-and-housing-census-2011-33306.html. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  25. "Statistics Denmark:FOLK1: Population at the first day of the quarter by sex, age, ancestry, country of origin and citizenship". Statistics Denmark. http://www.statbank.dk/statbank5a/selectvarval/saveselections.asp. Retrieved 26 September 2014. 
  26. "Kazakhstan National Census 2009". http://www.stat.kz/p_perepis/Documents/%D0%9A%D1%80%D0%9F%D0%9D2009_161110%D1%80%D1%83%D1%81.doc. [dead link]
  27. Wspólnota Polska. "Stowarzyszenie Wspólnota Polska". http://www.wspolnota-polska.org.pl/index.php?id=dubd2. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  28. https://www.czso.cz/documents/11292/27914491/1612_c01t14.pdf/4bbedd77-c239-48cd-bf5a-7a43f6dbf71b?version=1.0
  29. "Ante la crisis, Europa y el mundo miran a Latinoamérica" (in Spanish). Acercando Naciones. 2012. Archived from the original on 2015-05-18. https://web.archive.org/web/20150518094924/http://www.acercandonaciones.com/news/ante-la-crisis-europa-y-el-mundo-miran-a-latinoamerica.html. 
  30. GUS, Narodowy Spis Powszechny Ludnosci 2011: 4.4. Przynależność wyznaniowa (National Survey 2011: 4.4 Membership in faith communities) p. 99/337 (PDF file, direct download 3.3 MB).

    Template-specific style sheet:

    ISBN 978-83-7027-521-1 Retrieved 27 December 2014.