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横浜市
City of Yokohama
Flag of Yokohama
Flag
Official seal of Yokohama
Seal
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Map of Kanagawa Prefecture with Yokohama highlighted in purple
Map of Kanagawa Prefecture with Yokohama highlighted in purple
Coordinates: 35°26′39″N 139°38′17″E / 35.44417°N 139.63806°E / 35.44417; 139.63806Coordinates: 35°26′39″N 139°38′17″E / 35.44417°N 139.63806°E / 35.44417; 139.63806
Country Japan
RegionKantō
PrefectureKanagawa Prefecture
Government
 • MayorFumiko Hayashi
Area
 • Total437.38 km2 (168.87 sq mi)
Population
 (October 1, 2016)
 • Total3,732,616
 • Density8,534.03/km2 (22,103.0/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
– TreeCamellia, Chinquapin, Sangoju
Sasanqua, Ginkgo, Zelkova
– FlowerRose
Address1-1 Minato-chō, Naka-ku, Yokohama-shi, Kanagawa-ken
231-0017
Websitewww.city.yokohama.lg.jp
Yokohama
Yokohama (Chinese characters).svg
"Yokohama" in new-style (shinjitai) kanji
Japanese name
Hiragana よこはま
Kyūjitai 橫濱
Shinjitai 横浜

Yokohama (Japanese: 横浜 Hepburn: Yokohama?, pronounced [jokohama] ( listen)) is a Japanese city in Kanagawa Prefecture on the island of Honshū.[1]

Yokohama is the capital of Kanagawa Prefecture in the Kantō region. Yokohama is a neighbor city of Tokyo. It has been the second largest city of Japan since the 1980s.

Yokohama has an international trade seaport. It is the largest port in Japan. Many cars and machinery are exported from the port. The downtown area is around the port. Today, the area of Yokohama city includes its former suburb areas like Hodogaya or Totsuka.

In Minato Mirai, there are a lot of places for sightseeing. For example, there are amusement parks and shopping malls.

Yokohama was an entrance for foreign cultures for a long time. Still today Yokohama has the largest Chinatown in Japan.

The airports nearest to Yokohama are Tokyo International Airport and Narita International Airport.

Many educational institutes are located in Yokohama, including Yokohama National University and Yokohama City University.

History

The Yokohama port was created in the middle of the 19th century for foreigners. It was five ports opened to foreign countries who demanded Japan to open ports. And Yokohama was the nearest port to Tokyo, which was then called Edo.

Hodogaya — ukiyo-e woodblock print by Hiroshige, circa 1832

In the Edo period, Hodogaya-juku was one of the fifty-three shogunate-maintained waystations (shuku-eki) along the Tōkaidō road which connected Edo and Kyoto. Two other Tōkaidō rest stops are within the boundaries of modern Yokohama—in Kanagawa ward and Totsuka ward.[2]

Wards of Yokohama

Kanagawa — ukiyo-e woodblock print by Hiroshige, circa 1832
Totsuka — ukiyo-e woodblock print by Hiroshige, circa 1832

Related pages

References

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Yokohama" in Japan Encyclopedia, pp. 1054-1055.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Nussbaum, "Tōkaidō" at p. 973.

Other websites