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Ōtoku (応徳) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, , lit. "year name") after Eihō and before Kanji. This period spanned the years from February 1084 through April 1087. The reigning emperor was Emperor Shirakawa-tennō (白河天皇).
Events of the Ōtoku Era
- 1084 (Ōtoku 1, 9th month): The emperor's principal consort, died; and Shirakawa's grief overwhelmed him.
- 1084 (Ōtoku 3, 9th month): Shirakawa announced his intention to abdicate in favor of his son.
- 3 January 1084 (Ōtoku 3, 26th day of the 11th month): Shirakawa abdicated, and he took the title Daijō-tennō. The succession (senso) was received by a his son. Soon after, Emperor Horikawa accepted the monarch's role and duties and powers (sokui). This was confirmed in ceremonies.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ōtoku" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 764.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 169-171; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, p. 316; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 199-202.
- Titsingh, p. 171.
- Brown, p. 316.
- Titsingh, p. 172; Brown, p. 313.
- Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-2-23.
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
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