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Abdus Salam

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Abdus Salam in 1987
This person won a Nobel Prize
Mohammad Abdus Salam[note 1](January 29, 1926; Santokdas, Sahiwal PunjabNovember 21, 1996; Oxford, England) was a Pakistani theoretical physicist and winner of the 1979 Nobel Prize in Physics.[1]

He was initially educated at the Government College Lahore and the University of the Punjab, Lahore, and for a time also worked at the Government College as a lecturer, adding considerably to its intellectual life. He later went to Cambridge University, England for PhD studies. In 1951 he returned to Pakistan, but he found that he was cut off from the rest of the scientific world there. In 1953, he again went to England where he started to teach and research, having interest in the Grand Unified Theory.

He believed that if the Creator of the universe was one then the origin of all the forces had to be single also. He then set off to unify the Electromagnetic and the Weak Nuclear Force. According to another scientist, Peter Higgs, a field existed i.e. the Higgs field. Abdus Salam concluded that the Z and W particles, the weak force carriers, travelled on these rough features therefore they gained mass. while the photons travelled along these uneven features and therefore were massless.


  1. Abdus Salam (Urdu: محمد عبد السلام)


  1., "Abdus Salam"; retrieved 2012-9-19.

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