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Location of Anguilla (circled in red)
|Status||British Overseas Territory|
and largest city
|Ethnic groups |
|Religion||90.3 % Christian|
9.7 % Others
|Government||Parliamentary dependency under a constitutional monarchy|
• Deputy Governor
|Perin A. Bradley|
• Responsible Ministerb (UK)
|Alan Duncan MP|
|Legislature||House of Assembly|
|91 km2 (35 sq mi) (unranked)|
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
• 2011 census
|132/km2 (341.9/sq mi) (n/a)|
|GDP (PPP)||2014 estimate|
• Per capita
|Currency||East Caribbean dollar (XCD)|
|ISO 3166 code||AI|
Anguilla was colonized by the British Empire and used to be part of what is now Saint Kitts and Nevis, but broke away in 1980 so it could stay part of Great Britain. Saint Kitts and Nevis wanted to be independent.
The King or Queen of the United Kingdom is the ruler of Anguilla, but she works through a governor. He or she names, or appoints the governor, and he is just working there in place of the monarch. The legislature is elected by the people, has 11 members, and is called the House of Assembly.
Anguilla has mostly been part of the British Empire since the 17th century. The British brought thousands of slaves from Africa and forced them to work, like they did all over the Caribbean and North America. Many of the slaves decided to run away rather than be forced to work. When the British decided to abolish slavery they paid all the slave owners a lot of money, but didn't give anything to the slaves. Now Anguilla gets most of its money from fishing and tourism.
- The World Factbook. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/av.html.
- "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision" (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. https://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/DataQuery/.
- "UN Data". http://data.un.org/CountryProfile.aspx?crName=Anguilla.
- Gaspar, David Barry (1993). Bondmen and rebels : a study of master-slave relations in Antigua. Internet Archive. Durham : Duke University Press. . http://archive.org/details/bondmenrebelsstu0000gasp.
- House of Commons (1838-03-16). Accounts of slave compensation claims; for the colonies of Jamaica. Antigua. Honduras. St. Christopher's. Grenada. Dominica. Nevis. Virgin Islands. St. Lucia. British Guiana. Montserrat. Bermuda. Bahamas. Tobago. St. Vincent's. Trinidad. Barbadoes. Mauritius. Cape of Good Hope.. pp. 93-94,312. http://archive.org/details/ukslaveownercompensation.