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Classification and external resources
ICD-10 A23.
ICD-9 023
DiseasesDB 1716
MedlinePlus 000597
eMedicine med/248
MeSH D002006

Brucellosis is a disease that is caused by bacteria in the Brucella genus. It is also called Bang's disease, Crimean fever, Gibraltar fever, Malta fever, Maltese fever, Mediterranean fever, rock fever, and undulant fever.[1][2] It is a very contagious disease (can be spread very easily from one person to another.)

Brucellosis is a zoonosis, a disease that is spread from animals to humans. Humans get the disease by drinking milk that is unsterilized, or by eating meat from sick animals. Sometimes, but not very often, the disease can be spread from human to human.[3]

The disease was first called "Malta fever." British doctors in the military first discovered it in Malta during the Crimean War (1850s). Dr. David Bruce was the first person to discover the bacteria that caused brucellosis.[4][5]


  1. "Brucellosis" in the American Heritage Dictionary
  2. Maltese Fever by, last Update: 25 February 2009 (12:01), retrieved 2009-02-26
  3. "Diagnosis and Management of Acute Brucellosis in Primary Care". Brucella Subgroup of the Northern Ireland Regional Zoonoses Group. August 2004.
  4. Wilkinson, Lise (1993). ""Brucellosis"". In Kiple, Kenneth F. (ed.). The Cambridge World History of Human Disease. Cambridge University Press).
  5. Brucellosis named after Sir David Bruce at Who Named It?