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City-state



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A city-state is a city that has its own sovereignty. There were many important city-states in ancient Greece. Nowadays, cities may have differing degrees of self-governance. In order to be considered a city-state, a city must govern itself independently, by regulating its own taxes, or having independent representation at the United Nations.

Historical city states

Modern city states

Independent Countries

Monaco

Monaco Monaco-Ville and Monte Carlo are districts in Monaco, not separate towns or cities. The city boundary is the same as the country's boundary.

Singapore

Singapore Singapore was independent before becoming part of the federal kingdom of Malaysia. It is now independent again.

Vatican City

Vatican City The smallest country in the world was created in 1929. The Vatican City is completely surrounded by the city of Rome, Italy, and is the headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church.

City states in other countries

Germany

GermanyGermany has 16 Bundesländer and three of them are city-states; they are Berlin, Hamburg and Bremen. They do not have a Minister President (prime minister) like the other Bundesländer. Instead their head of government is called a Mayor in English.

Austria

Austria Vienna is a federal state.

Spain

SpainSpain has two small territories in north Africa. Spanish law calls them autonomous communities. They are

United Kingdom

United KingdomThe British colony of Gibraltar is a city state

Pakistan

PakistanThe former Arab (Omani) colony of Gwadar City is a city state