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Emanuel Swedenborg

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Emanuel Swedenborg
Portrait of Swedenborg by Carl Frederik von Breda.
BornEmanuel Swedberg
29 January 1688(1688-01-29)
Stockholm, Sweden
Died29 March 1772(1772-03-29) (aged 84)
London, England, Great Britain
EducationUppsala University
Period18th century
Notable work(s)

Emanuel Swedenborg (/ˈswdənˌbɔrɡ/;[1] Loudspeaker.png Swedish pronunciation (info • help); born Emanuel Swedberg on 29 January 1688;[2] died 29 March 1772) was a Swedish scientist, philosopher, theologian, revelator, and mystic.[3] He is best known for his book on the afterlife, Heaven and Hell (1758).[4][5]

His writings inspired Swedenborgianism.


  1. "Swedenborg". Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.
  2. 29 January 9 Old Style 8 February New Style
  3. "Swedenborg, Emanuel". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved 9 September 2011.  and the Encyclopedia of Religion (1987), which starts its article with the description that he was a "Swedish scientist and mystic." Others have not used the term, e.g. Williams-Hogan, Jane (2005) in Encyclopedia of Religion Retrieved 15 July 2013.
  4. "Swedenborg, E. ''Heaven and its Wonders and Hell. From Things Heard and Seen'' (Swedenborg Foundation, 1946)". Retrieved 2012-08-16. 
  5. Bergquist, Preface (p. 15–16)