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Ford Motor Company



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Ford Motor Company
Type Public
Industry Automotive
When it was created June 16, 1903
Headquarters United States Dearborn, Michigan
Key people Henry Ford, founder
Things made Automobiles
Employees 87, 000 (2008)
Subsidiaries Ford Credit, Ford itself, Lincoln, Mercury
Website Ford.com

The Ford Motor Company (often known as Ford) is an American company that makes vehicles. This company is named after its founder, Henry Ford.

Ford's first car was made in 1908. It was called a Model T.

These car makers are also owned by Ford:

In 1896, Henry Ford had an idea to make a Quadricycle, the first "horseless carriage" he built. This four-wheeled vehicle was very different from cars we drive now. It was very different even from vehicles Ford produced just a few years later. Nevertheless, this marked the start of Ford's career as a businessman. Until the Quadricycle, Ford's tinkering had been experimental and theoretical. For example, in the 1890's, Ford built a gas engine on his kitchen table—just an engine with nothing to power. Enough people liked the Quadricycle, and much could be done with the it, so it led to the beginning of Ford's business.

Ford Motor Company started on June 16, 1903, when Henry Ford and 11 business helpers signed the company's formation papers. The first Ford production car, the Model A, was sold in Detroit, Michigan a few months later. With $280,000 (around 165 000 pounds), the pioneering industrialists made what was to become one of the world's largest companies. Few enterprises helped shape the history and development of industry and society in the 20th century as did Ford Motor Company.

Mass production on the line

Perhaps Ford Motor Company's single greatest contribution to automotive manufacturing was the (moving) assembly line. First implemented at the Highland Park plant (in Michigan, US) in 1913, this new technique allowed individual workers to stay in one place, to perform the same task repeatedly on multiple vehicles as they passed on the assembly line. The line proved tremendously efficient; it helped the company far surpass production levels of its competitors. Ford had discovered how to produce more affordable vehicles.

The first vehicles

Henry Ford insisted that the company's future lay in the production of affordable cars for a mass market. In 1903, the company began using the first 19 letters of the alphabet to name new cars. In 1908, the Model T was born. 19 years and 15 million Model T's later, Ford Motor Company was a giant industrial complex which spanned the globe. In 1925, Ford Motor Company acquired the Lincoln Motor Company, under which name it built luxury cars. In the 1930's, the name "Mercury" was given to a division centered on mid-priced cars. Ford Motor Company was growing.

British Models

A British Ford dealership in Wetherby, West Yorkshire.

The 1920s

  • Model A

The 1930s


1932 Ford Model B Coup

  • Model B
  • Ford Rheinland
  • Ford V8
  • Ford Taunus

The 1950s

  • Ford 12M '52 - '62
  • Ford 15M '55 - '59
  • Ford 17M '57 - '60

The 1960s

  • Ford P3
  • Ford P4
  • Ford P5
  • Ford P6
  • Ford P7
  • Ford Capri
  • Ford Transit

The 1970s

  • Ford Consul
  • Ford Taunus
  • Ford Escort
  • Ford Fiesta
  • Ford Granada
  • Ford Capri

The 1980s

  • Ford RS200
  • Ford Capri
  • Ford Escort
  • Ford Orion
  • Ford RS200
  • Ford Sierra
  • Ford Scorpio

The 1990s

  • Ford Cougar buggatti
  • Ford Escort
  • Ford Explorer
  • Ford Focus (2001 and 2002)
  • Ford Galaxy (VW Sharan and Seat Alhambra)
  • Ford Ka
  • Ford Maverick
  • Ford Mondeo
  • Ford Probe
  • Ford Puma
  • Ford Windstar

The 2000s

  • Ford Focus C-MAX
  • Ford Focus ST
  • Ford Fusion (British)
  • Ford StreetKa
  • Ford Transit Connect
  • Ford Tourneo Connect
  • Ford S-MAX
  • Ford Focus Cabriolet (2006)
  • Ford CUV (2007, )

American Models

Current

  • Ford E-Series Vans
  • Ford Edge
  • Ford Escape
  • Ford Escape Hybrid
  • Ford Expedition
  • Ford Explorer
  • Ford Explorer SportTrac
  • Ford F-Series Pickups
  • Ford F-Series Super Duty
  • Ford F-Series Commercial Truck
  • Ford Flex
  • Ford Focus Coupe (American)
  • Ford Focus Sedan (American)
  • Ford Fusion (American)
  • Ford Mustang
  • Ford Taurus
  • Ford Taurus X
  • Ford Transit Connect