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Four Noble Truths
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- The First Noble Truth: Dukkha
- Life is full of suffering. Dukkha usually is translated as suffering. In life, we have illness, poverty, disease, old age and death. We cannot keep what we like and can not avoid what we do not like. If this is all we know we suffer.
- The Second Noble Truth: Samudaya
- There is a cause for suffering. The cause of suffering is desire and illusions that are based on ignorance. Because of ignorance wanting something leads clumsy actions, which in turn lead to suffering. Wanting life, wanting death, wanting things, wanting pleasure - all lead to suffering.
- The Third Noble Truth: Nirodha
- There is a state of mind free from suffering. By stopping the cravings, the suffering is stopped.
- The Fourth Noble Truth: Marga
- There is a way to end suffering. To end suffering we must end our cravings. The way to ending cravings is the Eightfold Path
The Eightfold Path
- Right Viewpoint - To view things negatively, so that the result always turn out better and you never get disappointed (samyag-dṛṣṭi, sammā-diṭṭhi)
- Right Values - Commitment to mental and ethical growth in moderation (samyak-saṃkalpa, sammā-saṅkappa)
- Right Speech - One speaks in a non hurtful, not exaggerated, truthful way (samyag-vāc, sammā-vācā)
- Right Actions - Wholesome action, avoiding action that would do harm (samyak-karmānta, sammā-kammanta)
- Right Livelihood - One's job does not harm in any way oneself or others; directly or indirectly (makes weapons, drug dealer, butcher, etc.) (samyag-ājīva, sammā-ājīva)
- Right Effort - One makes an effort to improve (samyag-vyāyāma, sammā-vāyāma)
- Right Mindfulness - Mental ability to see things for what they are with clear consciousness (samyak-smṛti, sammā-sati)
- Right Meditation - State where one reaches enlightenment and the ego has disappeared (samyak-samādhi, sammā-samādhi)
- The Four Noble Truths of Buddhism
- His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama speaks of the "Four Noble Truths" in a four part video series
- The Four Noble Truths as in the Buddhist Encyclopedia.
- At Access to Insight:
- Talks given by Ajahn Sumedho:
- A View on the Four Noble Truths
- The Light of Asia (Book Eight), a poem in iambic pentameter by Sir Edwin Arnold.
- 4 noble truths in pali
- Buddhism - the Four Noble Truths
- The Feeling Buddha: An alternate interpretation of the Four Noble Truths.
- Sixteen Aspects of the Four Noble Truths
- Nirvana Sutra, for full text of the Mahaparinirvana Sutra and link to other tathagatagarbha sutras (including the Angulimaliya Sutra).
- Etymology of the Pāli "ariyasacca"