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Fricative consonant

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A Fricatives consonant is a consonant that is made when you squeeze air through a small hole or gap in your mouth. For example, the gaps in between your teeth can make fricative consonants. When the gaps in the teeth are used, these fricatives are called sibilants. An example of a sibilant in English is [s], [z], [ʃ], and [ʒ].

Sibilant fricatives

This is a list of sibilant fricatives.

Non-sibilant fricatives

Lateral fricatives


In many languages, such as English, the glottal "fricatives" like the [h] in English "hat", ia not really a fricative because there are just vowels that are not voiced. However, in languages such as Arabic, they are true fricatives.[1]


  1. Ladefoged, Peter; Maddieson, Ian (1996). The Sounds of the World's Languages. Oxford: Blackwell. ISBN 0-631-19814-8 .

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