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GNOME 3.10 showing the Overview mode
|Developer(s)||The GNOME Project|
|Initial release||3 March 1999|
|Operating system||Unix-like with X11 or Wayland|
|Available in||more than 50 languages|
|License||GNU LGPL, GNU GPL|
GNOME is a computer desktop environment. It was designed for Linux, but many other operating systems can use it too. GNOME aims to provide an easy way to use a computer. GNOME is a free software project. It was made because people were questioning whether KDE is free. GNOME is part of the GNU project.
According to the GNOME website:
The GNOME project provides two things: The GNOME desktop environment, an intuitive and attractive desktop for users, and the GNOME development platform, an extensive framework for building applications that integrate into the rest of the desktop.
The GNOME project puts heavy emphasis on simplicity, usability, and making things “just work” (see KISS principle). The other aims of the project are:
- Freedom—to create a desktop environment with readily-available source code for re-use under a free software license.
- Accessibility—to ensure the desktop can be used by anyone, regardless of technical skill or physical circumstances.
- Internationalization and localization—to make the desktop available in many languages. At the moment, GNOME is being translated to 161 languages.
- Developer-friendliness—to ensure ease of writing software that integrates smoothly with the desktop, and allow developers a free choice of programming language.
- Organization—to adhere to a regular release cycle and maintain a disciplined community structure.
- Support—to ensure backing from other institutions beyond the GNOME community.
GNOME has many applications written for it. Some of them include:
- Abiword - A word processor, used for writing documents
- Calculator - For doing maths
- Epiphany (software) - Internet browser
- Empathy - Internet messenger
- Ekiga - VoIP and video conferencing
- Eye of GNOME - View your picture files
- Gthumb - View your photos
- GIMP - Art and photo software
- Nautilus - File manager
- Totem - Play music and video
- Ubuntu Linux
- Owen Taylor. "Implementing the next GNOME shell". http://blog.fishsoup.net/2008/10/22/implementing-the-next-gnome-shell/. Retrieved 2011-12-09.
- "GNOME 3.2 Release Notes". http://library.gnome.org/misc/release-notes/3.2/#rni18. Retrieved 2011-12-09.
- "About GNOME". http://www.gnome.org/about/. Retrieved 2005-09-08.
- "GNOME Languages". http://l10n.gnome.org/languages/. Retrieved 2009-11-19.