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# JavaScript

JavaScript is a scripting language for computers. It is often run in web browser applications to create dynamic content like a popup message or a live clock. It is not related to and is different from the programming language Java.

## Example

This script writes "Example" on the screen. The lines that start with // are comments; they show someone reading the code what the code does.

<script type="text/javascript">
function example()
{
var ex = document.createTextNode('Example'); //make the computer remember "Example",
//so whenever you say "ex" the computer will append it with "Example"
document.body.appendChild(ex);               //put the text on the bottom of the webpage
}
example();

/*
* The code below does almost the same thing as the code above,
* but it shows "Example" in a popup box and is shorter.
*
* This is a comment too, by the way.
*/

</script>


The JavaScript is enclosed by <script></script> tags, to tell that it is a script and not text to be put onto the web page the JavaScript is running on. This script inserts the numbers 1 through 10 at the bottom of a webpage:

<script type="text/javascript">
for(var numOfTimesAround = 1; numOfTimesAround < 10; numOfTimesAround++){

document.body.innerHTML = document.body.innerHTML + numOfTimesAround + "<br>";
/*
* This puts the number, then a new line, at the end of the web page.
* In javascript, using the + sign combines two words together.
* So writing "Hello" + " World" would make "Hello World".
* Or, writing 1 + "<br>" makes "1<br>", which is what we want.
*/

}

</script>


The for() loop makes whatever code is between the { and the } happen more then one time. In this case, it keeps looping until numOfTimesAround is equal to 10, then it stops.

## Differences between Java and Javascript

• In Java, to make a variable (to make a computer remember something), you have to say what type of variable it is: a number, a word, a letter, or more. In JavaScript, this is not necessary.
• In JavaScript, functions are stored as variables (unlike Java). This makes the following code okay in JavaScript:
function sayHi(){