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Grenada

Gwenad

Template-specific style sheet:

(Grenadian Creole French)
Flag of Grenada
Motto: 
Anthem: 

Grenada on the globe (Americas centered).svg
Capital
and largest city
St. George's
12°03′N 61°45′W / 12.050°N 61.750°W / 12.050; -61.750
Official languages
Ethnic groups
(2011[2])
Religion
(2011)[3]
Demonym(s)Grenadian[4]
GovernmentUnitary two-party parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
Cécile La Grenade
Keith Mitchell
LegislatureParliament
Senate
House of Representatives
Formation
3 March 1967
• Independence from the United Kingdom
7 February 1974
13 March 1979
• Constitution Restoration
4 December 1984
Area
• Total
348.5 km2 (134.6 sq mi) (184th)
• Water (%)
1.6
Population
• 2016 estimate
107,317[5] (194th)
• Density
318.58/km2 (825.1/sq mi) (45th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$1.801 billion[6]
• Per capita
$16,604[6]
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$1.249 billion[6]
• Per capita
$11,518[6]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.779[7]
high · 74th
CurrencyEast Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Time zoneUTC−4 (AST)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+1-473
ISO 3166 codeGD
Internet TLD.gd
  1. Plus trace of Arawak / Carib.

Grenada (Listeni/ɡrəˈndə/ grə-NAY-də; Grenadian Creole French: Gwenad) is an island nation in the Caribbean Sea that received its independence from the United Kingdom in 1974. Its capital is St. George's.

The island was invaded by the American military in 1983 because of Cuba's presence there. In 2004, a hurricane named Ivan destroyed most of the island's resources.

Grenada is called the Spice Island on account of its most famous export, the nutmeg.

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References

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