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Isère




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Flag of Isère
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Isère in France
Location of Isère in France
Coordinates: 45°20′N 05°30′E / 45.333°N 5.500°E / 45.333; 5.500Coordinates: 45°20′N 05°30′E / 45.333°N 5.500°E / 45.333; 5.500
CountryFrance
RegionAuvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Département1790
PrefectureGrenoble
SubprefecturesLa Tour-du-Pin, Vienne
Government
 • PresidentJean-Pierre Barbier[1]
Area
 • Total7,431.5 km2 (2,869.3 sq mi)
Population
 (2014)[3]
 • Total1,243,597
 • Density167.3413/km2 (433.4120/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeFR-38
Arrondissements3
Cantons29
Communes521
Websitewww.isere.fr

Isère is a département in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in eastern France named after the Isère river.

History

Isère is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790 with Moirans as its capital.[4] It was formed from part of the former province of Dauphiné.

It was divided in four districts: Grenoble, Saint-Marcellin, La Tour-du-Pin and Vienne. The capital was transfered in 1790 from Moirans to Grenoble.

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the four districts were changed into four arrondissements: Grenoble, Saint-Marcellin, La Tour-du-Pin and Vienne.[4]

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Saint-Marcellin was eliminated.[4]

Geography

Isère is part of the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region. It has an area of 7,431.5 km2 (2,869 sq mi).[2]

The department borders with 7 departments in 2 regions:

The highest mountain in the department is Pic Lory (44°55′21″N 06°21′24″E / 44.92250°N 6.35667°E / 44.92250; 6.35667 (Pic Lory)); it is 4,088 m (13,412 ft) high.[5]

The main rivers that flow through the department are the Rhône and its tributaries Isère and Bourbre.

Climate

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Grenoble is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Maritime Temperate climate) and of the subtype Cfb.[6]

Administration

Isère is managed by the Departmental Council of Isère in Grenoble. The department is part of the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region.

Administrative divisions

There are 4 arrondissements (districts), 17 cantons and 281 communes (municipalities) in Isère.[7]

Arrondissements of the Isère
INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[8]
(2014)
Area[9]
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
381 Grenoble Grenoble 758,956 4,714.7 161.0 267
382 La Tour-du-Pin La Tour-du-Pin 270,681 1,489.7 181.7 137
383 Vienne Vienne 213,960 1,227.1 174.4 117

The following is a list of the 29 cantons of the Isère department (with their INSEE codes), following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[10]

  1. Bièvre (3801)
  2. Bourgoin-Jallieu (3802)
  3. Chartreuse-Guiers (3803)
  4. Charvieu-Chavagneux (3804)
  5. Échirolles (3805)
  6. Fontaine-Seyssinet (3806)
  7. Fontaine-Vercors (3807)
  8. Le Grand-Lemps (3808)
  9. Grenoble-1 (3809)
  10. Grenoble-2 (3810)
  11. Grenoble-3 (3811)
  12. Grenoble-4 (3812)
  13. Le Haut-Grésivaudan (3813)
  14. L’Isle-d'Abeau (3814)
  15. Matheysine-Trièves (3815)
  16. Meylan (3816)
  17. Morestel (3817)
  18. Le Moyen Grésivaudan (3818)
  19. Oisans-Romanche (3819)
  20. Le Pont-de-Claix (3820)
  21. Roussillon (3821)
  22. Saint-Martin-d'Hères (3822)
  23. Le Sud Grésivaudan (3823)
  24. La Tour-du-Pin (3824)
  25. Tullins (3825)
  26. La Verpillière (3826)
  27. Vienne-1 (3827)
  28. Vienne-2 (3828)
  29. Voiron (3829)

Demographics

The inhabitants of Isère are known, in French, as Isérois (women: Iséroises).[11]

Isère had a population, in 2014, of 1,243,597,[3] for a population density of 167.3 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Grenoble, with 758,956 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.[8]

Evolution of the population in Isère <timeline> Colors=

 id:lightgrey value:gray(0.9)
 id:darkgrey  value:gray(0.7)
 id:sfondo value:rgb(1,1,1)
 id:barra value:rgb(0.6,0.7,0.8)

ImageSize = width:400 height:373 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:50 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:1300000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:100000 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:50000 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo BarData=

 bar:1968 text:1968
 bar:1975 text:1975
 bar:1982 text:1982
 bar:1990 text:1990
 bar:1999 text:1999
 bar:2008 text:2008
 bar:2014 text:2014

PlotData=

 color:barra width:30 align:left
bar:1968 from:0 till: 767678
bar:1975 from:0 till: 860339
bar:1982 from:0 till: 936771
bar:1990 from:0 till: 1016228
bar:1999 from:0 till: 1094006
bar:2008 from:0 till: 1188660
bar:2014 from:0 till: 1243597

PlotData=

bar:1968 at: 767678 fontsize:S text: 767,678 shift:(-15,5)
bar:1975 at: 860339 fontsize:S text: 860,339 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1982 at: 936771 fontsize:S text: 936,771 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1990 at: 1016228 fontsize:S text: 1,016,228 shift:(-20,5)
bar:1999 at: 1094006 fontsize:S text: 1,094,006 shift:(-20,5)
bar:2008 at: 1188660 fontsize:S text: 1,188,660 shift:(-20,5)
bar:2014 at: 1243597 fontsize:S text: 1,243,597 shift:(-20,5)

</timeline>

The communes in the department with more inhabitants are:

City Population
(2014)[8]
Arrondissement
Grenoble 160,779 Grenoble
Saint-Martin-d'Hères 38,100 Grenoble
Échirolles 35,875 Grenoble
Vienne 29,096 Vienne
Bourgoin-Jallieu 27,366 La Tour-du-Pin
Fontaine 22,366 Grenoble
Voiron 20,162 Grenoble
Villefontaine 18,463 La Tour-du-Pin
Meylan 17,323 Grenoble
L'Isle-d'Abeau 16,040 La Tour-du-Pin

Gallery

Related pages

References

  1. "Rencontrer le Président". Département de l'Isère. https://www.isere.fr/rencontrer-president. Retrieved 6 October 2017. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Département de l’Isère (38)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/comparateur.asp?codgeo=DEP-38. Retrieved 6 October 2017. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Populations légales 2014 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/2525762?sommaire=2525768. Retrieved 30 September 2017. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Historique de l'Isère" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/38his.html. Retrieved 6 October 2017. 
  5. "Pic Lory, France". Peakbagger.com. http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=9905. Retrieved 7 October 2017. 
  6. "Ville de Grenoble" (in French). Annuaire des Mairies et Villes de France. http://www.annuaire-mairie.fr/ville-grenoble.htmll. Retrieved 7 October 2017. 
  7. "Département de l’Isère (38)" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/metadonnees/cog/departement/DEP38-isere. Retrieved 6 October 2017. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French) (PDF). Populations légales 2014. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/fichier/2525755/dep38.pdf. Retrieved 7 October 2017. 
  9. "Département de l’Isère (38) et Arrondissements" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=DEP-38+ARR-381+ARR-382+ARR-383. Retrieved 7 October 2017. 
  10. "Décret n° 2014-180 du 18 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de l'Isère" (in French). Légifrance.gouv.fr. http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028637316. Retrieved 7 October 2017. 
  11. "Habitants du départment: Isère" (in French). habitants.fr. https://www.habitants.fr/haute-savoie-74. Retrieved 7 October 2017. 

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