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Islam and clothing

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Muslims have different dress codes for different contexts. Conservative ideas of hijab require people to dress modestly both for outside and religious contexts. Clothing for everyday wear, inside and outside the house is different, and very much depends on the family.

Dress for men

Dress for women

A group of women in Adana (Turkey) wearing the niqabs.
An Afghan girl wearing an Islamic style scarf

Islam says that women should dress in a very special way. This dress code applies to women and adolescent girls, but not to children. Usually, women who travel to Islamic countries should also wear such dress.

In the very least, the garment should cover the shoulders. Long-sleeved garments (and trousers) are preferred. Use a headscarf to cover the hair (especially when you enter a mosque or other place of worship).

  • Abaya- long flowing outer garment worn over all other clothing.
  • Jilbab- garment that may be worn like a dress, usually with trousers underneath.
  • Dupatta- a long rectangular scarf usually worn over the shoulders in front of the neck, or however you prefer. Women will sometimes use a dupatta over their head for a hijab.
  • Hijab- the head covering worn by many Muslim women. Traditionally, it is a square folded into a triangle or simply a triangle, but also can be a rectangular shape. To wear- bring the two corners together and pin/knot/wrap at the neck.
  • Niqab- a veil worn to cover the face. A niqab can be made to leave only the eyes uncovered, only the eyes and forehead uncoveres, or to leace the forehead, eyes, and nose uncovered, covering only the mouth.