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Justice and Equality Movement
The Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) is a rebel group involved in the Darfur conflict of Sudan. It is led by Khalil Ibrahim. Together with other rebel groups such as the Sudan Liberation Army, they are fighting against the government-supported Janjaweed militia. The JEM is also a member of the Eastern Front, a rebel coalition. After the Eastern Front signed a peace deal with the central government, the JEM lost access to its funding from Eritrea.
The JEM traces its foundation to the writers of the Black Book, a manuscript published in 2000 that shows some problems. JEM has an Islamist ideology, and the government links the group to Hassan al-Turabi, although leaders of the group and Turabi himself deny the claim. However, al-Turabi blames the government for making the situation worse".
On January 20, 2006, the group merged with the Sudan Liberation Movement, along with other rebel groups, to form the Alliance of Revolutionary Forces of West Sudan. However, the JEM and SLM negotiated as separate groups with peace talks with the government in May 2006.
In October of 2007, the JEM attacked an oilfield in the Kordofan region of Sudan. This olified is controlled by a Chinese consortium. The next month, a group of 135 Chinese engineers arrived in Darfur to work on this field. Ibrahim told reporters, "We oppose them coming because the Chinese are not interested in human rights. It is just interested in Sudan's resources." The JEM claims that the revenue from oil sold to China funds the Sudanese government and the Janjaweed militia.
On the morning of December 11th, 2007, Khalil Ibrahim claimed that JEM forces fought and defeated Sudanese government troops guarding a Chinese-run oilfield in the Kordofan region. Khartoum officials, however, denied that any oil fields had come under attack. Ibrahim said that the attack was part of a JEM campaign to rid Sudan of Chinese-run oilfields and stated that "[The JEM] want all Chinese companies to leave. They have been warned many times. They should not be there."
Notes and references
- Al-Turabi denies stirring Darfur conflict (Al-Jazeera) 31 December 2003
- "Darfur rebels spurn Chinese force". British Broadcasting Corporation. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/7111206.stm. Retrieved 2007-11-24.
- "Sudan rebels 'attack oilfield'". Al Jazeera English. http://english.aljazeera.net/NR/exeres/7BD4ADA2-8B0F-4D4B-B673-A836027DA78B.htm. Retrieved 2007-12-11.
- Justice and Equality Movement
- Upcoming Peace Talks Will Not Solve the Complex Darfur Problem, The Power and Interest News Report
- Darfur conflict
- BBC background on the SLA and JEM: 
- BBC Darfur on the brink of new conflict as the SLA now joins the government fighting against rebel groups including the JEM: 
- Justice and Equality Movement The JEM's homepage
- Greater Nile Petroleum Operating Company's website