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|Republic of the Sudan
|Motto: النصر لنا
"Victory is ours"
|Anthem: نحن جند الله جند الوطن
"Nahnu Jund Allah Jund Al-watan"
and largest city
|Government||Federal presidential republic|
|-||President||Omar al-Bashir (NCP)|
|-||Vice President||Ali Osman Taha (NCP)
Adam Yousef (NCP)
|-||Upper house||Council of States|
|-||Lower house||National Assembly|
|-||Nubian kingdoms||3500 BC|
|-||Unified with Egypt||1821|
|-||Independence||1 January 1956|
|-||Current constitution||9 January 2005|
|-||Total||1,886,068 km2 (16th)
728,215 sq mi
|-||2008 census||30,894,000 (disputed) (40th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2011 estimate|
|-||Total||$123.636 billion (69th)|
|-||Per capita||$2,852 (135th)|
|GDP (nominal)||2011 estimate|
|-||Total||$94.044 billion (64th)|
|-||Per capita||$2,170 (129th)|
|HDI (2011)|| 0.408
low · 169th
|Currency||Sudanese pound (
|Time zone||East Africa Time (UTC+3)|
|-||Summer (DST)||Not observed (UTC+3)|
|Drives on the||right|
Sudan borders by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west, and Libya to the northwest.
Sudan used to have the largest area of all the countries in Africa. However, on July 9, 2011, the southern part of the country left and became a new country, South Sudan. Sudan now has an area of 1,861,484 km2, and is the third largest country in Africa by area. The Nile flows through Sudan, providing water to crops. There are many different tribal and ethnic groups of people, though the country is mainly divided between the north, which has more Arabic people, and the south, which has more people of African descent.
People from Sudan are called Sudanese. About 45 million people live in Sudan. About 4 million of these live in Khartoum or in towns that are joined to it.
The currency of Sudan is called the Sudanese Pound (Jinneh).
The leader of Sudan right now is President Omar Hassan al-Bashir.
For several years, the Darfur conflict has been going on in Sudan. Over 400,000 people have died in it.
- List of rivers of Sudan
- Sudan at the Olympics
- Sudan national football team
- Muhammed Ahmed, the Mahdi
- Rayah, Mubarak B. (1978). Sudan civilization. Democratic Republic of the Sudan, Ministry of Culture and Information. p. 64.
- "Discontent over Sudan census". News24. 21 May 2009. http://www.news24.com/World/News/Discontent-over-Sudan-census-20090521. Retrieved 8 July 2011.
- "Sudan". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2010/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2008&ey=2013&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&pr1.x=68&pr1.y=6&c=732&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC&grp=0&a=. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
- "Human Development Report 2011". United Nations. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2011_EN_Table1.pdf. Retrieved 2 November 2011.
- "CIA - The World Factbook". cia.gov. 2011 [last update]. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/su.html. Retrieved November 29, 2011.