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|State of Eritrea
ሃገረ ኤርትራ Hagere Ertra
دولة إرتريا Dawlat Iritriyā
|Anthem: Ertra, Ertra, Ertra
Eritrea, Eritrea, Eritrea
and largest city
|Ethnic groups (2012)||55% Tigrinya
|Government||Single-party provisional government|
|-||From Italy||November 1941|
|-||From United Kingdom under UN Mandate||1951|
|-||from Ethiopia de facto||24 May 1991|
|-||From Ethiopia de jure||24 May 1993|
|-||Total||117,600 km2 (101st)
45,405 sq mi
|-||2012 estimate||6,086,495 (107th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2012 estimate|
|GDP (nominal)||2012 estimate|
|HDI (2011)|| 0.349
low · 177th
|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
|-||Summer (DST)||not observed (UTC+3)|
|Drives on the||right|
|a. Afar, Beni-Amer, Nara.
not official languages, working languages only  
Eritrea is located on the coast on the Red Sea. It is north of the Bab-el-Mandeb and the Horn of Africa. Eritrea has borders with the countries of Sudan, Ethiopia, and Djibouti. The land area of Eritrea is 101,000 km², and it is one of the smallest countries in Africa.
The population of Eritrea is about 5.6 million. About 0.5 million people live in Asmara. People from Eritrea are called Eritreans. Most of them speak Tigrinya or Tigre as their first language. The people usually use Tigrinya or Arabic for official business.
Eritrea has nine ethnic groups. These are the Afar people, the Bilen people, the Hedareb people, the Kunama, the Nara, the Rashaida, the Saho, the Tigre, and Tigray-Tigrinya.
The currency of Eritrea is called the Nakfa. Eritrea is a very poor country. Almost half of Eritrea's economy comes from Eritreans who live abroad. They send money home to their families. Most of the rest comes from farming.
Many different countries have ruled the land that is now called Eritrea. Between 1885 and 1941 it was a colony of Italy. Between 1941 and 1952, the United Nations put it under the protection of United Kingdom. After 1952, Eritrea became a part of Ethiopia. This was the reason for a long civil war between the Eritreans and the government of Ethiopia.
- Hailemariam, Chefena; Kroon, Sjaak; Walters, Joel (1999). "Multilingualism and Nation Building: Language and Education in Eritrea". Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 20 (6): 474–493. http://www.chr.up.ac.za/chr_old/indigenous/documents/Eritrea/Report/Multilingualism%20and%20Nation%20Building%20Language%20and%20Nation%20Building%20in%20Eritrea.pdf. Retrieved 2012-04-04.
- Eritrea. CIA – The World Factbook. cia.gov. Retrieved on 2012-06-25.
- CIA – Eritrea – Ethnic groups. Cia.gov. Retrieved on 2012-06-25.
- "Eritrea". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2012/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=43&pr.y=20&sy=2009&ey=2012&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=643&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=. Retrieved 2012-04-18.
- "ERITREA AT A GLANCE". 2009-10-01. http://www.shabait.com/about-eritrea/eritrea-at-a-glance/49-eritrea-at-a-glance. Retrieved 2012-04-04.
- "Eritrea". Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/er.html. Retrieved 2008-08-25.