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|State of Qatar
|Anthem: السلام الأميري (Arabic)
"As Salam al Amiri" (transliteration)
Amiri SaluteFile:National anthem of Qatar.ogg
and largest city
|-||Ameer Qatar||Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani|
|-||Crown Prince||Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani|
|-||Prime Minister||Hamad bin Jassim bin Jaber Al Thani|
|-||from the Ottoman Empire||1913|
|-||from United Kingdom||3 September 1971|
|-||Total||11,437 km2 (164th)
4,416 sq mi
|-||2010 census||1,853,563 (148th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2011 estimate|
|GDP (nominal)||2011 estimate|
|HDI (2011)|| 0.831
very high · 37th
|Time zone||AST (UTC+3)|
|-||Summer (DST)||(not observed) (UTC+3)|
|Drives on the||right|
|Internet TLD||.qa, قطر.|
Qatar is quite a small country and has an area of only 10,360 km². The peninsula is 160 km long. Much of the country is a low, barren plain, covered with sand. The Jebel Dukhan area has Qatar’s main onshore oil deposits. The natural gas fields lie offshore, to the northwest of the peninsula.
Government and politics
The Emir is the only one who can appoint and remove the prime minister and cabinet ministers. Together the ministers make up the Council of Ministers. They are the highest executive authority in the country.
People and culture
About 2,2 million people live in Qatar; however, about 88% of these are guest workers (people from another country who are living and working there for a short time), mostly coming from South Asia, South East Asia and other Arab countries. 545,000 are Indians, 400,000 Nepalis, 200,000 Filipinos among a lot of other nationalities.
The currency of Qatar is called the Qatari Riyal.
Doha, Qatar, is also home to Qatar Racing Club a Drag Racing facility.
Khalifa International Tennis and Squash Complex in Doha, Qatar, hosted the WTA Tour Championships in women's tennis between 2008 and 2010. Doha holds the WTA Premier tournament Qatar Ladies Open each year.
Nasser Al-Attiyah of Qatar won the 2011 Dakar Rally and the Production World Rally Championship in 2006. In addition, he has also won gold medals at the 2002 Asian Games and 2010 Asian Games as part of the Qatari skeet shooting team.
Since 2002, Qatar has hosted the yearly Tour of Qatar, a cycling race in six stages. Every February, riders are racing on the roads across Qatar's flat land for six days. Each stage covers a distance of more than 100 km.
- "Populations". Qsa.gov.qa. http://www.qsa.gov.qa/QatarCensus/Populations.aspx. Retrieved 2 October 2010.
- "Qatar". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2012/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=27&pr.y=8&sy=2009&ey=2012&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=453&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=. Retrieved 2012-04-20.
- Human Development Index and its components. undp.org (2011)
- World's Richest Countries. Forbes (2012-04-18). Retrieved on 2012-05-30.
- "Middle East :: Qatar". CIA World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. 8 Feb 2012. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/qa.html. Retrieved 4 March 2012.
- "Council of Ministers". Embassy of the State of Qatar in Washington DC. http://www.qatarembassy.net/council.asp. Retrieved 4 March 2012.
- "Qatar's population by nationality". bqdoha.com. http://www.bqdoha.com/2013/12/population-qatar. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
- Paul Radford (2 Dec 2010). "Russia, Qatar win 2018 and 2022 World Cups". Reuters. http://af.reuters.com/article/sportsNews/idAFJOE6B10FA20101202. Retrieved 2 Dec 2010.
- The homepage of Tour of Qatar. Letour.fr (1994-12-01). Retrieved on 2012-05-30.
- Amiri Diwan official government website
- CIA World Factbook information about Qatar
- Qatar at the Open Directory Project