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Arab people

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Total population
approx. 450 million[1]
Regions with significant populations
 Pan-Arab States430,754,575
 United States3,500,000[5]
 Iran700,000 - 2,000,000[6]
Predominantly Islam; largest minority: Christianity; other religions

The Arabs (Arabic: العربLua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Category handler/data' not found. ʻarab) are an ethnic group widespread in the Middle East and North Africa. Arabic is one of the Semitic languages, which is also the name of the ethnic family which they belong to.

Who is an Arab

There are three points which decide whether someone is considered Arab or not:

There are many people who can be called Arabs by these points, but who do not think of themselves as Arab. Examples include modern Egyptians (Coptics) and the Syriacs (Aramaics/Assyrians). Although they live in countries like Syria or Egypt which is part of the Arab League and speak the official language-Arabic, they are different cultural groups. They have their own languages,[12] culture, identity and churches, such as the Coptic Church and the Syriac Catholic and Orthodox churches. Even though many have assimilated to Arab society, they have their own heritage that spans 3,000 years.

Traditional genealogy

In Islamic and Jewish tradition, Arabs are a Semitic people who trace their ancestry from Ishmael, a son of the ancient patriarch Abraham and Hagar. Medieval Arab genealogists separate the Arabs into two groups: the "original Arabs" of South Arabia, descending from Qahtan (identified with the biblical Joktan) and the "Arabized Arabs" (musta`ribah) of North Arabia, descending from Adnan who is descended from Ishmael.


Most Arabs today follow the religion of Islam, whose greatest prophet is Muhammad. Christianity makes up the largest religious minority - most of the Christians that do consider themselves Arabs belong to the Greek Orthodox Church with smaller numbers of Roman Catholics.

While Coptic and Maronite Catholic Christians are native Arabic-speakers, many reject the Arab pan-ethnicity, but are still considered Arab by outsider sources.

There are some small communities practicing Judaism and polytheism (the worship of many gods). Yazidis are sometimes counted as Arabs.


  1. "Arabic Language - ninemsn Encarta". 
  2. "Brazil - Brasil - BRAZZIL - News from Brazil - Arabs: They are 12 Million in Brazil - Brazilian Immigration - September 2004". 
  3. By (2008-01-29). "French-Arabs battle stereotypes - Entertainment News, French Cinema, Media". Variety. 
  4. "Inmigración sirio-libanesa en Argentina". 
  5. Archived 2010-05-10 at the Wayback Machine Arab American Institute (AAI)
  6. Iran, CIA factbook (1% Arabic-speakers and 3% ethnic Arabs)
  7. The World Factbook World Factbook website
  8. "Mexico". 
  9. [ Archived 2019-07-13 at the Wayback Machine Archived 2019-07-13 at the Wayback Machine Kister, M.J. "Ķuāḍa." Encyclopaedia of Islam. Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs. Brill, 2008. Brill Online. 10 April 2008]: "The name is an early one and can be traced in fragments of the old Arab poetry. The tribes recorded as Ķuḍā'ī were: Kalb [q.v.], Djuhayna, Balī, Bahrā' [q.v.], Khawlān [q.v.], Mahra, Khushayn, Djarm, 'Udhra [q.v.], Balkayn [see al-Kayn ], Tanūkh [q.v.] and Salīh"
  10. Serge D. Elie, "Hadiboh: From Peripheral Village to Emerging City", Chroniques Yéménites: "In the middle, were the Arabs who originated from different parts of the mainland (e.g., prominent Mahrî tribes10, and individuals from Hadramawt, and Aden)". Footnote 10: "Their neighbours in the West scarcely regarded them as Arabs, though they themselves consider they are of the pure stock of Himyar.” [1]
  11. "Most Spoken Languages In the World". 
  12. The Coptic language survives only in certain religious rituals; it is not now spoken by Coptic Christians.

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