kidzsearch.com > wiki   Explore:web images videos games  

Asmara




KidzSearch Safe Wikipedia for Kids.
Jump to: navigation, search

ኣስመራ Asmera
Coat of arms of Asmara
Coat of arms
Coordinates: 15°19′22″N 38°55′30″E / 15.32278°N 38.92500°E / 15.32278; 38.92500Coordinates: 15°19′22″N 38°55′30″E / 15.32278°N 38.92500°E / 15.32278; 38.92500
CountryEritrea
RegionCentral
Districts13
DemonymAsmarino
Government
 • Mayor of AsmaraSemere Russom
 • Mayor of ZobaTewelde Kelati
Area
 • Capital45 km2 (17 sq mi)
Elevation
2,325 m (7,628 ft)
Population
 (2017)[1]
 • Capital804,000
 • Density17,867/km2 (46,280/sq mi)
 • Metro
1,258,001
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
ClimateBSk
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Official nameAsmara: a Modernist City of Africa
CriteriaCultural: ii, iv
Reference1550
Inscription2017 (41st Session)
Area481 ha
Buffer zone1,203 ha

Asmara is the capital city of Eritrea. It is the largest settlement in the country. Asmara has a population of about 579,000 people. Textiles and clothing, meat, beer, shoes, and ceramics are the major industrial products of the city.

History

Asmara grew from four villages founded in the twelfth century. It is said that there were four clans living in the Asmara area. The women of these tribes told them men to join together to fight bandits who had been attacking the area. After they defeated the bandits, a new name was given to the place, Arbaete Asmara. This name, in the Tigrinya language, meant the four females united. Arbaete was later dropped and the name was made Asmara.

Opera Theater of Asmara

In 1889, Asmara became an Italian colony. It was made the capital of the country in 1897 and was called Asmara italiana. The city was damaged during earthquakes in 1913 and 1915. During the 1930s, the Italians made many chances to how Asmara looked. Many new buildings were created during this time.

These buildings were built in the same style as Italian buildings. This gave Asmara the look of an Italian city. Today many of the buildings and stores in Asmara still have Italian names.

During World War II, after the defeat of Italy in Africa, Asmara was under British rule. In 1952, the United Nations placed the country and Asmara under Ethiopian control. In the 1960s, the Eritrean people started fighting for independence from Ethiopia.

This bloody war lasted until 1991. Asmara was given back to the Eritrean people on May 24, 1991.

In July 2017 Asmara has been declared World Heritage Site by the UNESCO.

Related pages

References

  1. "CIA - The World Factbook". https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/er.html. Retrieved 2 September 2012. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Terrazas, Aaron Matteo (June 2007). "Beyond Regional Circularity: The Emergence of an Ethiopian Diaspora". Migration Policy Institute. http://www.migrationinformation.org/Profiles/display.cfm?ID=604. Retrieved 25 November 2011. 
  3. United States Census Bureau 2009–2013, Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over: 2009–2013, USCB, 30 November 2016, <https://www.census.gov/data/tables/2013/demo/2009-2013-lang-tables.html>.
  4. Israel Central Bureau of Statistics: The Ethiopian Community in Israel
  5. Amharic-speaking Jews component 85% from Beta Israel; Anbessa Tefera (2007). “Language”. ‘’Jewish Communities in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries — Ethiopia’’. Ben-Zvi Institute. p.73 (Hebrew)
  6. "Istat.it". Statistics Italy. http://demo.istat.it/str2017/. 
  7. "Ethiopian London". BBC. https://www.bbc.co.uk/london/content/articles/2005/05/27/ethiopian_london_feature.shtml. Retrieved 6 December 2008. 
  8. pp, 25 (2015) United Kingdom. Available at: https://www.ethnologue.com/country/GB (Accessed: 30 November 2016).
  9. "United Kingdom". https://www.ethnologue.com/country/GB. Retrieved 26 August 2017. 
  10. "Anzahl der Ausländer in Deutschland nach Herkunftsland". Das Statistik Portal. https://de.statista.com/statistik/daten/studie/1221/umfrage/anzahl-der-auslaender-in-deutschland-nach-herkunftsland/. 
  11. Amharas are estimated to be the largest ethnic group of estimated 20.000 Ethiopian Germans|https://www.giz.de/fachexpertise/downloads/gtz2009-en-ethiopian-diaspora.pdf Archived 4 October 2018 at the Wayback Machine
  12. "Foreign-born persons by country of birth, age, sex and year". Statistics Sweden. http://www.statistikdatabasen.scb.se/pxweb/en/ssd/START__BE__BE0101__BE0101E/FodelselandArK/?rxid=1bcec35a-5bd2-4a4a-9609-668463972a1c. 
  13. "Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents". Statistics Norway. https://www.ssb.no/en/befolkning/statistikker/innvbef. 
  14. Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics (5 February 2013). "2011 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations — Detailed Mother Tongue (232), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population Excluding Institutional Residents of Canada and Forward Sortation Areas, 2011 Census". http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2011/dp-pd/tbt-tt/Rp-eng.cfm?LANG=E&APATH=3&DETAIL=0&DIM=0&FL=A&FREE=0&GC=0&GID=0&GK=0&GRP=1&PID=103001&PRID=10&PTYPE=101955&S=0&SHOWALL=0&SUB=0&Temporal=2011&THEME=90&VID=0&VNAMEE=&VNAMEF=. Retrieved 26 August 2017. 
  15. Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98–314-XCB2011032
  16. Anon, 2016. 2011 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations | Detailed Mother Tongue (232), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population Excluding Institutional Residents of Canada and Forward Sortation Areas, 2011 Census. [online] Www12.statcan.gc.ca. Available at: <http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2011/dp-pd/tbt-tt/Rp-eng.cfm?LANG=E&APATH=3&DETAIL=0&DIM=0&FL=A&FREE=0&GC=0&GID=0&GK=0&GRP=1&PID=103001&PRID=10&PTYPE=101955&S=0&SHOWALL=0&SUB=0&Temporal=2011&THEME=90&VID=0&VNAMEE=&VNAMEF=> [Accessed 2 December 2016].
  17. Immigrant languages in Canada. 2016. Immigrant languages in Canada. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2011/as-sa/98-314-x/98-314-x2011003_2-eng.cfm. [Accessed 13 December 2016].
  18. "Population by migration background". Statistics Netherlands. http://statline.cbs.nl/Statweb/publication/?DM=SLEN&PA=37325eng&D1=a&D2=a&D3=0&D4=0&D5=71&D6=a&LA=EN&HDR=T&STB=G2,G1,G3,G5,G4&VW=T. 
  19. "Population by country of origin". Statistics Denmark. http://www.statbank.dk/statbank5a/default.asp?w=1280. 
  20. "The People of Australia Statistics from the 2011 Census, Cat. no. 2901.0, ABS". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 2014. https://www.border.gov.au/ReportsandPublications/Documents/research/people-australia-2013-statistics.pdf. Retrieved 26 August 2017. 
  21. Australian Bureau of Statistics 2014, The People of Australia Statistics from the 2011 Census, Cat. no. 2901.0, ABS, 30 November 2016, <https://www.border.gov.au/ReportsandPublications/Documents/research/people-australia-2013-statistics.pdf Archived 17 April 2017 at the Wayback Machine>.
  22. Australian Bureau of Statistics 2014, The People of Australia Statistics from the 2011 Census, Cat. no. 2901.0, ABS, 30 November 2016, Archived 17 April 2017 at the Wayback Machine
  23. "Archived copy". http://pxnet2.stat.fi/PXWeb/pxweb/fi/StatFin/StatFin__vrm__vaerak/statfin_vaerak_pxt_031.px/?rxid=726cd24d-d0f1-416a-8eec-7ce9b82fd5a4. 

Bibliography

  • Francesca Calace. Restituiamo la Storia – dagli archivi ai territori. Architetture e modelli urbani nel Mediterraneo orientale Gangemi editorial Rome, 2012 ISBN 978-88-492-2364-4
  • Giovanni Godoli. Asmara: immagine di una città. Architettura e Potere da Ferdinando Martini all'Impero. Universita' di Firenze. Florence, 2012 ([1])
  • Jochen Visscher. Asmara - The Frozen City Jovis ed. Berlin, 2006 ISBN 978-3-936314-61-8 ([2])


Cite error: There are <ref> tags on this page, but the references will not show without a {{Reflist|group=”Note”}} template or a <references group="”Note”"/> tag.