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State of Kuwait

دولة الكويت
Dawlat al-Kuwait
Flag of Kuwait
Location of Kuwait
and largest city
Kuwait City
Official languages Arabic
Ethnic groups
33.9% Kuwaiti Arabs
45.9% Other Arabs
13.5% South and East Asian
1.9% Iranian
4.8% Europeans and Americans
Demonym(s) Kuwaiti
Government Unitary hereditary Constitutional monarchy [1]
• Emir
Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah
Legislature Majlis al-Umma
• First Settlement
19 June 1961
• Total
17,820 km2 (6,880 sq mi) (157th)
• Water (%)
• 2010 estimate
3,566,437[2] (131st)
• Density
200.2/km2 (518.5/sq mi) (61st)
Location of Kuwait
Map of Kuwait
A satellite Image of Kuwait (taken in 2001)
Skyline of Kuwait

Kuwait is a small country (about 17,819 square kilometers) in the Middle East.

It has a small and rich economy. It has about 96 billion barrels of crude oil reserves. Crude oil reserves are the oil that is still under the ground and has not yet been cleaned up. Kuwait has 10% of all of the oil reserves in the world. The country makes a lot of money by selling oil. This money is almost half of all the money the country makes. The oil money is also 95% of the money made by selling things to different countries (people call that exports). Also, the oil money is 80% of the money the government makes. Kuwait is now talking with oil companies of other countries to make oil fields in the northern part of the country.

Kuwait's weather makes farming hard (too little rain). Instead of farming, the country catches fish and buys food from other countries. About 75% of the country's water to drink has to be distilled (have the salt removed) or purchased from other countries.

In 1990, Iraq invaded (brought an army in to fight against) Kuwait. This started the first Gulf War.

Kuwait's official religion is Islam, although 15% of its population are Christian or Hindu. Arabic is mostly spoken in Kuwait but English is widespread among Kuwaitis (residents of Kuwait). Kuwait is one of the few nations that has education for every age.


Population (in thousands) for 2004 2595. CBR(per 1000) for 2004 19.4. CDR (per 1000) for 2004 1.9. Growth Rate(%) for 1992-2002 2.1. the Total Fertility Rate for 2002 is 2.7. Percent population is living in urban in 2003 96.2.Per capita gross national income ($) 2002 612. Population Density( per square kilometer) in 2000 107.4 Infant Mortality Rate (per 1000)for 2005 9.95. Adult literacy rate (85%) female literacy rate (81%) (2002).


Kuwait is divided into 6 governorates. The governorates are divided into districts.

Governorates of Kuwait
Subdivision Capital Area
of 2005
Al Ahmadi1) Al Ahmadi 5 120 393 861 1946 from Al Asimah
Al Asimah (Al Kuwayt)2) Al Kuwait 200 261 013 original Governorate
Al Farwaniyah Al Farwaniyah 190 622 123 1988 from Al Asimah
Al Jahra3) Al Jahra 12 130 272 373 1979 from Al Asimah
Hawalli Hawalli District 84 487 514 original Governorate
Mubarak Al-Kabeer Mubarak Al-Kabeer 94 176 519 November 1999 from Hawalli
TOTAL 17 818 2 213 403  
1) The Neutral Zone was dissolved on 18 December 1969,
and the northern part with 2590 km² was added to Al Ahmadi (with small part in the northwest added to Al Jahra)
2) including the islands of Failaka, Miskan, and Auhah
3) including the islands of Warbah and Bubiyan

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