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Kurdish language

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كوردی, Kurdî, Kurdí, Кöрди[1]
Native toTurkey, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Armenia, Azerbaijan
Ethnicity30-46 million Kurds
Native speakers30 million  (2007)[2]
Language family
Writing systemPerso-Arabic (Sorani alphabet) in Iraq and Iran, Latin (Hawar alphabet) in Turkey, Syria and Armenia
Official status
Official language in Iraq: status as official language alongside Arabic.
 Iran: constitutional status as a regional language
 Armenia: minority language[3]
 AZE: minority language in 5 districts[4]
Language codes
ISO 639-1ku
ISO 639-2kur
ISO 639-3kurinclusive code
Individual codes:
ckb – Sorani
kmr – Kurmanji
sdh – Southern Kurdish
lki – Laki
Linguasphere58-AAA-a (North Kurdish incl. Kurmanji & Kurmanjiki) + 58-AAA-b (Central Kurdish incl. Dimli/Zaza & Gurani) + 58-AAA-c (South Kurdish incl. Kurdi)

The Kurdish language is a language mostly spoken in an area called Kurdistan, including by Kurdish people in parts of the countries Iran, Iraq, Syria and Turkey.[5]

The dialect of Piranshahr and Mahabad is Mukriani.

It belongs to the same language group as the Iranian languages. Another well-known Iranian language is Persian. It is considered an Indo-European language.


  1. "Kurdish Language – Kurdish Academy of Language". Retrieved 2 December 2011. 
  2. Only very rough estimates are possible. SIL Ethnologue gives estimates, broken down by dialect group, totalling 31 million, but with the caveat of "Very provisional figures for Northern Kurdish speaker population". Ethnologue estimates for dialect groups: Northern: 20.2M (undated; 15M in Turkey for 2009), Central: 6.75M (2009), Southern: 3M (2000), Laki: 1M (2000). The Swedish Nationalencyklopedin listed Kurdish in its "Världens 100 största språk 2007" (The World's 100 Largest Languages in 2007), citing an estimate of 20.6 million native speakers.
  3. European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages
  4. "Kurdish, Northern". 
  5. "Geographic distribution of the Kurdish language".