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Lady Gaga

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Lady Gaga
Lady Gaga BTW Ball Antwerp 02.jpg
Lady Gaga in September 2012
Background information
Birth name Stefani Joanne Angelina Germanotta
Also known as Lady Gaga
Born March 28, 1986 (1986-03-28) (age 34)
Origin New York City, United States
  • Singer-songwriter
  • record producer
  • dancer
  • activist
  • philanthropist
  • actress
  • Vocals
  • guitar
  • synthesizer
  • piano
  • drums
Years active 2005–present
  • Def Jam
  • Cherrytree
  • Kon Live
  • Interscope
  • Streamline
  • Columbia
Associated acts Tony Bennett

Lady Gaga (Stefani Joanne Angelina Germanotta, born March 28, 1986) is an American recording artist, activist, record producer, businesswoman, fashion designer, philanthropist, and actress. She has a contralto vocal range. Her albums are The Fame, The Fame Monster, Born This Way, Artpop, and Cheek to Cheek. She has won various Grammys and BRIT Awards. She got her stage name from the song "Radio Ga Ga" by the band Queen.[1]

Life and career

1986–2004: Early life

Lady Gaga was born Stefani Joanne Angelina Germanotta in New York City, New York[2] on March 28, 1986. She is the oldest child of Joseph Germanotta, an internet businessman, and Cynthia.[3] Lady Gaga is of Italian and French Canadian ancestry. She learned to play piano at the age of four. She wrote her first piano song at 13. She started performing live by age 14.[4] At the age of 11, Gaga went to the Convent of the Sacred Heart. This is a private Roman Catholic school on Manhattan's Upper East Side.[5][6] Her family wasn't rich. She has said that her parents "both came from lower-class families, so we've worked for everything – my mother worked eight to eight out of the house, in telecommunications, and so did my father."[7] In high school, Gaga played lead roles in Guys and Dolls and in A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum.[8] Gaga said her high school life was "very dedicated, very studious, very disciplined". She also said that it was "insecure". She said in an interview that, "I didn’t fit in, and I felt like a freak."[9][10][11]

Gaga was 17 when she went to New York University's Tisch School of the Arts. She lived in a NYU dorm on 11th Street. She studied music. She helped to write essays on art, religion, social issues and politics.[4][12] Gaga felt that she was more creative than some of her classmates. "Once you learn how to think about art, you can teach yourself," she said. By the second semester of her sophomore year, she left school to focus on her musical career.[13] Her father agreed to pay her rent for a year, if she agreed to go back to Tisch if she failed.[8] Gaga has said she has had bulimia and anorexia since she was 15.[14]

2005–2007: Career beginnings

In 2005, Gaga began a band called the Stefani Germanotta Band.[15] The band played in bars.

2008–2010: The Fame and The Fame Monster

Gaga started her creative team, the Haus of Gaga, in 2008. On August 19, 2008, her first album The Fame was released. Her debut album spawned the hit singles "Just Dance" (featuring Colby O'Donis), "Poker Face", "LoveGame", and "Paparazzi". The first two singles became number-one hits for Gaga in the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Australia, and several other countries. Gaga's follow-up EP, The Fame Monster, was released on November 18, 2009 and contained the singles "Bad Romance", "Telephone" (featuring R&B singer Beyoncé), and "Alejandro". They became hits worldwide, with all seven of these songs peaking within the top ten of the US Billboard Hot 100, and the first six singles managed to reach number one on Billboard's Mainstream Top 40/Pop Songs chart.

2011–2014: Born This Way, Artpop, Cheek to Cheek, and other endeavors

Gaga released her second studio album, Born This Way, on May 23, 2011. Before that, Gaga released the song of the same name on February 11, 2011. The song debuted at number 1 in America, becoming her third number-one single there. Born This Way became Gaga's first number-one album in the United States, selling over one million copies there in its first week. Following the song "Born This Way", the singles "Judas", "The Edge of Glory", and "Yoü and I" reached the top ten in the US. The album's final single, "Marry the Night", became a top-thirty hit there.

In 2012, Gaga bought 55 items from an auction for Michael Jackson's possessions.[16] She also released her first fragrance, Fame. The liquid of the perfume isblack but sprays clear, which is "like the soul of fame."

On November 6, 2013, Artpop was released and became Gaga's second American number-one album. The song "Applause" was released as Artpop's lead single and reached number 4 in the US and Canada, while peaking within the top ten around the world. "Do What U Want" featuring R&B singer R. Kelly was released as the album's second single, peaking at number 13 in America and number 3 in Canada. Gaga released the third single, "G.U.Y.", in March 2014. It has peaked at number 76 on the Billboard Hot 100.

In September 2014, Gaga released a collaborative album with jazz artist Tony Bennett titled Cheek to Cheek. Two singles have been released, "Anything Goes" and "I Can't Give You Anything but Love"


In 2015, Gaga will perform the first concert in space.[17]

Public image

Fashion and style

Rome, 2011

Gaga has a striking fashion sense. The New York Post said her early look was like "a refugee from Jersey Shore" with "big black hair, heavy eye makeup and tight, revealing clothes."[18] Gaga has naturally brown hair. She bleached her hair blonde so she wouldn't look like Amy Winehouse.[3]


Much of Gaga's early success is due to her fans. She is often called a "rising icon."[19] Early in her career she had trouble being played on the radio, and stated, "The turning point for me was the community. I've got so many fans and they're so loyal to me and they really lifted me up. They'll always stand by me and I'll always stand by them. It's not an easy thing to create a fanbase."[20]


  1. "Lady Gaga". Retrieved 2010-04-09.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Warrington, Ruby (2009-02-22). "Lady Gaga: ready for her close-up". The Sunday Times (London: News International). Retrieved 2009-02-22.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Biography of Lady Gaga". Retrieved 2009-01-09.
  5. Hattie, Collins (2008-12-14). "Lady GaGa: the future of pop?". The Sunday Times (London: News International). Retrieved 2009-12-06.
  6. Sturges, Fiona (2009-05-16). "Lady Gaga: How the world went crazy for the new queen of pop". The Independent (London: Independent News & Media). Retrieved 2009-05-26.
  7. Barber, Lynn (2009-12-06). "Shady lady: The truth about pop's Lady Gaga". The Sunday Times (London: News International). Retrieved 2010-06-14.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Grigoriadis, Vanessa (2010-03-28). "Growing Up Gaga". New York (New York Media Holdings): pp. 7. Retrieved 2010-03-29.
  9. Bream, Jon (2009-03-21). "Don't Gag on Gaga". Star Tribune (The Star Tribune Company). Retrieved 2010-01-23.
  10. Poppell, Seth (2009-12-22). "Lady Gaga was surprisingly normal". In Touch Weekly (Bauer Media Group). Retrieved 2010-01-23.
  11. Zee, Joe (2009-12-01). "Lady Gaga – An Exclusive Interview with ELLE's January Cover Girl". Elle (Hachette Filipacchi Médias). Retrieved 2010-05-05.
  12. Florino, Rick (2009-01-30). "Interview: Lady GaGa". Artistdirect. Artistdirect, Inc..,,4931544,00.html. Retrieved 2009-02-18.
  13. Harris, Chris (2008-06-09). "Lady GaGa Brings Her Artistic Vision Of Pop Music To New Album". MTV (MTV Networks). Retrieved 2009-05-07.
  14. Lady Gaga hits out at weight critics
  18. Callahan, Maureen; Stewart, Sara (2010-01-22). "Who's that lady?". New York Post (News Corporation). Retrieved 2010-03-26. (subscription needed)
  19. Thomas, Matt (2009-07-09). "Going Gaga". fab (Pink Triangle Press). Retrieved 2009-08-11.
  20. Vena, Jocelyn (2009-05-07). "Lady Gaga On Success: 'The Turning Point For Me Was The Community'". MTV (MTV Networks). Retrieved 2009-08-11.