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|Leslie Eleazer Orgel|
|Born||12 January 1927|
|Died||27 October 2007 (aged 80)|
San Diego, California
|Institutions||University of Oxford|
University of Cambridge
|Alma mater||University of Oxford|
California Institute of Technology
University of Chicago
|Known for||Orgel diagram|
In 1964 Orgel was appointed Senior Fellow and Research Professor at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies, where he directed the Chemical Evolution Laboratory. He was also an adjunct professor in the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry at the University of California, San Diego, and he was one of five principal investigators in the NASA-sponsored NSCORT program in exobiology. Orgel also participated in NASA's Viking Mars Lander Program as a member of the Molecular Analysis Team that designed the gas chromatography mass spectrometer instrument that robots took to the planet Mars.
In his book The Origins of Life, Orgel coined the concept of specified complexity, to describe the criterion by which living organisms are distinguished from non-living matter. He published over three hundred articles in his research areas.
- Leslie E. Orgel, An introduction to transition-metal chemistry: the ligand field theory. 1961
- Leslie E. Orgel, The origins of life: molecules and natural selection. 1973
- Leslie E. Orgel and Stanley L. Miller, The origins of life on the Earth. 1974