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A modern Lipizzan
Distinguishing featuresCompact, muscular, generally associated with the Spanish Riding School
Alternative namesLipizzaner, Karster
Country of originDeveloped by the House of Habsburg from Arab, Barb, Spanish and Neapolitan stock.[1] Today associated with nations of Austria, Hungary, Slovenia and Croatia.
Breed standards
Verband der Lipizzanerzüchter in ÖsterreichBreed standards
Lipica Stud, SloveniaBreed standards
Ministero delle Politiche Agricole e Forestali, ItalyBreed standards
Lipizzaner Society of Great BritainBreed standards
Lipizzan International FederationBreed standards
Lipizzan Association of North AmericaBreed standards
Horse (Equus ferus caballus)

The Lipizzan or Lipizzaner[2] (Hungarian: Lipicai, Slovene: Lipicanec, Croatian: Lipicanac, Czech: Lipicán), is a grey horse breed that is known for its Dressage acts.[3]


The Lipizzaner was born in Carthage almost 2,000 years ago. The people who lived in Carthage mated their horses to the Vilano. There is also a mix of Arabian and Barbary blood.[3]


  1. Das K.K. Hofgestüt zu Lippiza 1580-1880, Wien 1880
  2. Pronounced "Lip-ah-Zahn" (from French) or "Lip-ah-Zah-ner" (from German).
  3. 3.0 3.1 "History of the Lipizzaner". White Stallion Productions. Retrieved 9/2/2009. 


  • Bongianni, Maurizio (editor) (1988). Simon & Schuster's Guide to Horses and Ponies. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster, Inc.. ISBN 0-671-66068-3
  • Dolenc, Milan (translated by Zarco Harvat and Susan Ann Pechy) (1981). Lipizzaner: The Story of the Horses of Lipica. Ljubljana, Yugoslavia: Mladinska Knjiga. ISBN 0-89893-172-X
  • Edwards, Elwyn Hartley (1994). The Encyclopedia of the Horse (1st American ed.). New York, NY: Dorling Kindersley. ISBN 1-56458-614-6
  • Hirshson, Stanley P. (2003). General Patton: A Soldier's Life. HarperCollins. ISBN 0-06-000983-7
  • Jankovich, Miklos, translated by Anthony Dent (1971). They Rode Into Europe: The Fruitful Exchange in the Arts of Horsemanship between East and West. Great Britain: George G. Harrap & Co, Ltd.. ISBN 0-684-13304-0
  • Patton, George S. and Martin Blumenson (1996). The Patton Papers. Da Capo Press. ISBN 0-306-80717-3
  • Podhajsky, Alois (1967). The Complete Training of Horse and Rider In the Principles of Classic Horsemanship. Garden City, NY: Doubleday. OCLC 501758

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