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Malcolm Fraser
Malcolm Fraser 1977 - crop.jpg
22nd Prime Minister of Australia
In office
11 November 1975 – 11 March 1983
Preceded byGough Whitlam
Succeeded byBob Hawke
Personal details
Born21 May 1930(1930-05-21)[1]
Toorak, Victoria
Died20 March 2015(2015-03-20) (aged 84)
Melbourne, Victoria
Political partyLiberal Party of Australia
(1954–2009)
Spouse(s)Tamie Fraser
(m. 1956–2015, his death)
Children4
Alma materMagdalen College, Oxford

John Malcolm Fraser AC, CH, GCL, PC (21 May 1930 – 20 March 2015) was an Australian politician. He served as the 22nd Prime Minister of Australia from 11 November 1975 through 11 November 1983. He was also leader of the Liberal Party from 1975 to 1983.

Before being prime minister, Fraser was a member of the Australian Parliament from 1955 through 1983. He served as Minister of Defence from 1966 to 1968 and again from 1969 to 1971 and Minister for Education and Science from 1968 to 1969 and again from 1971 to 1972.

Early life

Fraser was born in Toorak, Victoria.[1] He studied at Magdalen College, Oxford. He married Tamie Beggs in 1956.

Prime Minister (1975-1983)

As leader of the Liberal Party, he became Prime Minister in November, 1975 when Governor-General, Sir John Kerr, dismissed Gough Whitlam. At this point he was only temporary Prime Minister. He won the election held in December, 1975. He won two more elections in 1977 and 1980 before losing to Bob Hawke in 1983. Fraser married Tamara (Tamie) Beggs in 1956 and the couple have remained married ever since.[2]

His government stopped some of the changes made by the Whitlam government. They also reduced government spending to stop money becoming less valuable. He also supported efforts to abolish racism in South Africa, the boycott of the Moscow Olympics and more immigration from Asian countries.[3]

He has criticised the prime ministership of John Howard who had been his Treasurer from 1977 to 1983.

Death

On 20 March 2015, his office announced that Fraser had died in the early hours of the morning, noting that he had suffered a brief illness in Melbourne, Victoria, aged 84.[4][5]

More reading

  • Ayres, Philip (1987), Malcolm Fraser, a Biography, Heinemann, Richmond, Victoria.

    Template-specific style sheet:

    ISBN 0-85561-060-3
  • Kelly, Paul (2000), Malcolm Fraser, in Michelle Grattan (ed.), Australian Prime Ministers, New Holland, Sydney, New South Wales.

    Template-specific style sheet:

    ISBN 1-86436-756-3
  • Kerr, John (1978), Matters for Judgment. An Autobiography, Macmillan, South Melbourne, Victoria.

    Template-specific style sheet:

    ISBN 0-333-25212-8
  • Lopez, Mark (2000),The Origins of Multiculturalism in Australian Politics 1945–1975, Melbourne University Press, Carlton South, Victoria.

    Template-specific style sheet:

    ISBN 0-522-84895-8

References

Other websites

Prime Ministers of Australia Flag of Australia.svg
Barton | Deakin | Watson | Reid | Fisher | Cook | Hughes | Bruce | Scullin | Lyons | Page | Menzies | Fadden | Curtin | Forde | Chifley | Holt | McEwen | Gorton | McMahon | Whitlam | Fraser | Hawke | Keating | Howard | Rudd | Gillard | Abbott