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|27th United States Secretary of Defense|
July 23, 2019 – November 9, 2020
|Deputy||Richard V. Spencer (acting)|
|Preceded by||James Mattis|
|Succeeded by||Lloyd Austin|
Acting: June 24, 2019 – July 15, 2019
|Deputy||David Norquist (acting)|
|Preceded by||Patrick M. Shanahan (acting)|
|Succeeded by||Richard V. Spencer (acting)|
|23rd United States Secretary of the Army|
November 20, 2017 – July 23, 2019
|Preceded by||Ryan McCarthy (acting)|
|Succeeded by||Ryan McCarthy|
Mark Thomas Esper
April 26, 1964
Uniontown, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Leah Lacy (1989–present)|
|Education||United States Military Academy (BS)|
Harvard University (MPA)
George Washington University (PhD)
|Branch/service||United States Army|
|Years of service||1986–2007|
|Unit|| 101st Airborne Division|
Virginia Army National Guard
D.C. Army National Guard
U.S. Army Reserve
|Awards|| Legion of Merit|
Combat Infantryman Badge
DoD Medal for Distinguished Public Service
|* McCarthy served in an acting capacity from June 24, 2019 – July 15, 2019, while Esper served as acting secretary of defense.|
Mark Thomas Esper (born April 26, 1964) is an American lobbyist and former government administrator for the United States Department of Defense. Esper is the 27th and current United States Secretary of Defense since July 2019. He was the 23rd United States Secretary of the Army from November 2017 until July 2019. He served as Vice President of government relations at Raytheon.
On July 19, 2017, it was announced that President Donald Trump had the intention of nominating Esper to become U.S. Secretary of the Army. He is Trump's third nominee for the position, following the withdrawals of Vincent Viola and Mark E. Green. He was confirmed by the Senate on November 15, 2017. He resigned on June 24, 2019 to become acting Defense Secretary.
President Donald Trump announced on June 18, 2019, that Esper would become acting Secretary of Defense. Three days later, Trump nominated Esper to serve the job full time. On July 23, 2019, his nomination was confirmed by a vote of 90–8.
On November 5, 2020, shortly after the 2020 presidential election, it was reported that Esper had prepared a letter of resignation from his position as Secretary of Defense. He was fired by President Trump four days later on November 9.
- O'Brien, Connor (July 19, 2017). "Trump taps Raytheon VP as Army secretary". Politico. http://www.politico.com/story/2017/07/19/raytheon-mark-esper-trump-army-secretary-240721.
- McIntyre, Jamie (July 19, 2017). "Exclusive: Trump to nominate Mark Esper as Army secretary" (in en). Washington Examiner. http://www.washingtonexaminer.com/exclusive-trump-to-nominate-mark-esper-as-army-secretary/article/2629074.
- Gibbons-Neff, Thomas; Jaffe, Greg (July 19, 2017). "Trump to nominate Raytheon lobbyist for next Army secretary". Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/checkpoint/wp/2017/07/19/trump-to-nominate-raytheon-lobbyist-for-next-army-secretary/?utm_term=.bc0f1dbf9672.
- realDonaldTrump (June 18, 2019). "....I thank Pat for his outstanding service and will be naming Secretary of the Army, Mark Esper, to be the new Acting Secretary of Defense. I know Mark, and have no doubt he will do a fantastic job!" (Tweet). https://twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/1141027595380826118.
- Cooper, Helene (June 21, 2019). "Trump Nominates Mark Esper as Next Defense Secretary". The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/06/21/us/politics/mark-esper-defense-secretary-nomination.html. Retrieved June 22, 2019.
- "U.S. Senate: U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 116th Congress - 1st Session". https://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=116&session=1&vote=00220.
- Kube, Courtney; Lee, Carol E. (November 6, 2020). "Long at odds with Trump, Defense Secretary Esper has prepared a resignation letter, say officials". https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/donald-trump/long-odds-trump-defense-secretary-esper-has-prepared-resignation-letter-n1245846.