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Mayor of Chicago
|Mayor of Chicago|
Seal of City of Chicago
|Term length||4 years|
|Inaugural holder||William Butler Ogden|
|Website||Office of the Mayor|
The mayoral term in Chicago was one year from 1837 through 1863, when it was increased to two years. In 1907 it was again lengthened to four years, the present duration. Until 1861, municipal elections were held in March. In that year, legislation changed them to April. In 1869, however, election time was changed to November, and terms expiring in April of that year were lengthened. In 1875, the election day was moved back to April by the city's vote to operate under the Cities and Villages Act of 1872. Lester L. Bond was the acting mayor when Joseph Medill left to a tour around Europe. Thomas Hoyne won election as mayor, but could not become the mayor so the election became a void. As of 1995, no mayor can run for a political party, they are considered as nonpartisans.
List of Mayors
|1||William Butler Ogden||1837–1838||Democratic|
|2||Buckner Stith Morris||1838–1839||Whig|
|3||Benjamin Wright Raymond||1839–1840||Whig|
|5||Francis Cornwall Sherman||1841–1842||Democratic|
|6||Benjamin Wright Raymond||1842–1843||Whig|
|8||Alson Sherman||1844–1845||Independent Democrat|
|10||John Putnam Chapin||1846–1847||Whig|
|12||James Hutchinson Woodworth||1848–1850||Independent Democrat|
|14||Walter S. Gurnee||1851–1853||Democratic|
|15||Charles McNeill Gray||1853–1854||Democratic|
|16||Isaac Lawrence Milliken||1854–1855||Democratic|
|17||Levi Day Boone||1855–1856||American Party|
|20||John Charles Haines||1858–1860||Democratic|
|22||Julian Sidney Rumsey||1861–1862||Republican|
|23||Francis Cornwall Sherman||1862–1865||Democratic|
|24||John Blake Rice||1865–1869||Republican|
|25||Roswell B. Mason||1869–1871||Citizens||Mayor during the Great Chicago Fire of 1871.|
|26||Joseph Medill||1871–1873||Fireproof||Born in Canada|
|27||Harvey Doolittle Colvin||1873–1875||People's|
|29||Carter Harrison, Sr.||1879–1887||Democratic||father of Carter Harrison, Jr.|
|30||John A. Roche||1887–1889||Republican|
|31||DeWitt Clinton Cregier||1889–1891||Democratic|
|33||Carter Harrison, Sr.||1893||Democratic||First mayor to be assassinated in office; father of Carter Harrison, Jr.|
|34||George Bell Swift||1893||Republican||Mayor Pro Tem|
|35||John Patrick Hopkins||1893–1895||Democratic|
|36||George Bell Swift||1895–1897||Republican|
|37||Carter Harrison, Jr.||1897–1905||Democratic||First Chicago born mayor; son of Mayor Carter Harrison, Sr.; oldest surviving mayor, died at 93|
|38||Edward Fitzsimmons Dunne||1905–1907||Democratic|
|39||Fred A. Busse||1907–1911||Republican|
|40||Carter Harrison, Jr.||1911–1915||Democratic|
|41||William Hale Thompson||1915–1923||Republican|
|42||William Emmett Dever||1923–1927||Democratic|
|43||William Hale Thompson||1927–1931||Republican|
|44||Anton Cermak||1931–1933||Democratic||Assassinated in office; second foreign born (in Austria -Hungary)|
|45||Frank J. Corr||1933||Democratic||32 days, Acting Mayor|
|46||Edward Joseph Kelly||1933–1947||Democratic||Act of the Illinois legislature permitted City Council to elect a non-alderman to fill the vacancy.|
|47||Martin H. Kennelly||1947–1955||Democratic|
|48||Richard J. Daley||1955–1976||Democratic||Died in office; father of Richard M. Daley|
|49||Michael Anthony Bilandic||1976–1979||Democratic|
|50||Jane Margaret Byrne||1979–1983||Democratic||First woman mayor|
|51||Harold Washington||1983–1987||Democratic||Died in office; first African American mayor|
|52||David Duvall Orr||1987||Democratic||8 days, Interim Mayor|
|53||Eugene Sawyer||1987–1989||Democratic||Elected by city council to complete Mayor Washington's term|
|54||Richard M. Daley||1989–2011||Democratic||Longest serving mayor; son of Richard J. Daley|
|55||Rahm Emanuel||2011–2019||Democratic/Nonpartisans1||First Jewish mayor|
|56||Lori Lightfoot||Since 2019||Democratic/Nonpartisans||First African-American female and first LGBT individual elected as mayor|
The city council elects a vice mayor who is interim mayor in the event of a vacancy in the office of the mayor or the inability of the mayor to serve due to illness or injury. As of May 2019, the current vice mayor is Tom Tunney.
1 Rahm Emanuel is a Democrat, but he and all other candidates in the 2011 election officially ran as nonpartisans. Under a 1995 Illinois law, "candidates for mayor . . . no longer would run under party labels in Chicago."
- Bohn, Kevin (February 22, 2011). Rahm Emanuel wins Chicago mayoral vote. CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2011/POLITICS/02/22/illinois.elections/. Retrieved February 23, 2011.
- CNN, Madison Park and Steve Almasy. "The first African-American female mayor in Chicago history will be Lori Lightfoot". https://www.cnn.com/2019/04/02/us/chicago-mayoral-election-results/index.html.
- Sullivan, Emmet. "What Would Actually Happen if Rahm Resigns". Chicago Magazine. https://www.chicagomag.com/city-life/December-2015/mayoral-succession/. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
- Pratt, John Byrne, Juan Perez Jr , Gregory. "Chicago Mayor Lori Lightfoot aces first test of her power: City Council overhaul approved" (in en-US). https://www.chicagotribune.com/politics/ct-met-chicago-city-council-lori-lightfoot-reorganization-20190528-story.html.
- Spielman, Fran (20 May 2015). "City Council shuffle rewards Emanuel allies". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on 7 December 2012. https://web.archive.org/web/20151207033030/https://chicago.suntimes.com/news/7/71/622429/city-council-sign-reorganization-rewards-emanuel-allies.
- Dumke, Mick (18 May 2011). "The first meeting of the new mayor and City Council is nothing if not efficient" (in en). https://www.chicagoreader.com/Bleader/archives/2011/05/18/the-first-meeting-of-the-new-mayor-and-city-council-is-nothing-if-not-efficient. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
- Hardy, Thomas (July 7, 1995). Gov. Edgar To End City Partisan Votes. Chicago Tribune. http://articles.chicagotribune.com/1995-07-07/news/9507070087_1_nonpartisan-election-election-commissioners-first-black-mayor.
- "A Chronology of Chicago's Mayors". Chicago Public Library. http://www.chipublib.org/cplbooksmovies/cplarchive/mayors/mayorlist.php. Retrieved May 26, 2010.