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New Caledonia (French: Nouvelle-Calédonie; popular name: Le caillou) (Malay: Caledonia Baru) is a "sui generis collectivity" (in practice an overseas territory) of France, made up of a main island (Grande Terre) and several smaller islands. It is in the region of Melanesia in the southwest Pacific. At about half the size of Taiwan, it has a land area of 18,575.5 square kilometres (7,172 sq mi). At the 2004 census, 230,789 people lived there. It has an internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) of .nc. The capital and largest city of the territory is Nouméa. The currency is the CFP franc. The inflation rate is -0.6%. The unemployment rate is 17.1%
- PIR Editor. "New Caledonia, French Leaders Look To Finalize Plans For 2018 Referendum | Pacific Islands Report" (in en). http://www.pireport.org/articles/2016/11/07/new-caledonia-french-leaders-look-finalize-plans-2018-referendum.
- Willsher, Kim (19 March 2018). "New Caledonia sets date for independence referendum". https://amp.theguardian.com/world/2018/mar/19/new-caledonia-sets-date-independence-referendum-france.