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Coordinates: 48°18′25″N 18°05′11″E / 48.30694°N 18.08639°E / 48.30694; 18.08639
View from Castle.JPG
Nitra city centre from the castle
Nitra CoA.svg
Coat of arms
Country Slovakia
Region Nitra
District Nitra
River Nitra River
Elevation 190 m (623 ft)
Coordinates 48°18′25″N 18°05′11″E / 48.30694°N 18.08639°E / 48.30694; 18.08639
Highest point
 - elevation 587 m (1,926 ft)
Lowest point
 - elevation 138 m (453 ft)
Area 100.48 km² (38.8 sq mi)
Population 84,800 (2006-12-31)
Density 844 /km² (2,186 /sq mi)
First mentioned 828
Mayor Jozef Dvonč
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 949 01
Area code +421-37
Car plate NR
Location in Slovakia
Locator Red.svg
Location in Slovakia
Wikimedia Commons: Nitra
Statistics: MOŠ/MIS

Nitra (Hungarian: Nyitra / Nyitria [archaic]; German: Neutra (Loudspeaker.png pronunciation (info • help))) is a city in western Slovakia (and the fifth largest urban settlement in Slovakia) situated at the foot of Zobor Mountain in the Nitra River valley.

Nitra is one of the oldest cities in Slovakia. It existed as a town since at least the early 9th century.


Nitra is a city with special history. People have lived there for at least 6000 years. It was an important center of the Celts (in the last few hundred years BC), and later the seat of the first known rulers of what is today Slovak territory, i.e. of :

  • the Germanic Quadi around 396? (disputed)
  • the Slavic/Slovak Principality of Nitra:
    • an independent state (late 8th century - 833)
    • Principality of Nitra as part of Great Moravia (833 - ?907)
    • Principality of Nitra under Hungarian rule (?925/970 - 1107) [between 1000 and 1030 temporarily under Polish rule ]

Nitra is also site of the first known Church in Central and Eastern Europe, built in 828.

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