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The Octopus card is a reusable contactless stored value smart card for making electronic payments in Hong Kong. Started in September 1997 to collect fares for the MTR, the Octopus card system is the second contactless smart card system in the world, after the Korean Upass, and has been widely used for all public transport in Hong Kong. It led to the development of Oyster card in London.
Baat Daaht Tùng (Cantonese Pronunciation) translates as "eight-arrived pass" (in Chinese it was accepted as "go-everywhere pass"), where Baat Daaht may translate as "reaching everywhere". It was selected by the head of the MTR, the parent company of Octopus Cards Limited, in a naming competition held in 1996.
- "Hong Kong Smart Card System". The World Bank Group. Archived from the original on 4 March 4 2007. https://web.archive.org/web/20070304050613/http://lnweb18.worldbank.org/External/lac/lac.nsf/Sectors/Transport/D5A576A039A802C0852568B2007988AD?OpenDocument. Retrieved 13 February 2007.
- "八達通控股有限公司里程碑 (lit. Milestones of Octopus Holdings Limited)" (in Traditional Chinese). Octopus Holdings Limited. http://www.octopus.com.hk/milestones/tc/index.jsp. Retrieved 28 February 2007.
- Official home page
- Richard MacManus (2 September 2009). "Hong Kong's Octopus Card: Utility Outweighs Privacy Concerns". ReadWriteWeb. http://www.readwriteweb.com/archives/hong_kongs_octopus_card.php. Retrieved 5 September 2009.