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Order of the Rising Sun

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Order of the Rising Sun, c. 1902

The Order of the Rising Sun (旭日章 Kyokujitsu-shō?) is a Japanese government honor established in 1875 by Emperor Meiji. The Order was the first national decoration awarded by the Japanese Government,[1] It was created on April 10, 1875 by decree of the Council of State.[2]

The modern version of this honor has been given to non-Japanese recipients beginning in 1981.[3]

The awarding of the Order is administered by the Decoration Bureau of Office of the Prime Minister. It is awarded in the name of the Emperor.


The Order was awarded in nine classes until 2003. Since then, it has been awarded in seven classes.

Selected recipients

These lists are not finished; you can help Wikipedia by adding to them.

ribbon bar 1st Class, Order of the Rising Sun with Paulownia Flowers, Grand Cordon

ribbon bar 1st Class, Grand Cordon

ribbon bar 2nd Class, Gold and Silver Star

ribbon bar 3rd Class, Gold Rays with Neck Ribbon

ribbon bar 4th Class, Gold Rays with Rosette

ribbon bar 5th Class, Gold and Silver Rays

ribbon bar 6th Class, Silver Rays

ribbon bar 7th Class, Green Paulownia Leaves Medal

In 2003, this grade of the Order was abolished.

ribbon bar 8th Class, White Paulownia Leaves Medal

In 2003, this grade of the Order was abolished.

ribbon bar Class unknown


  1. "Decorations Bureau web site". Retrieved 2011-11-05.
  2. "Council of State decree". Retrieved 2011-11-05.
  3. "Weatherhead East Asian Institute web site - Carol Gluck". 2006-05-01. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
  4. Honor conferred 1963 -- Konrad Adenauer Stiftung: Biographie, Orden und Ehrenzeichen; Kyokujitsu-sho, Orden der Aufgehenden Sonne, 1. Klasse, Großkreuz (22 März 1960); Kyokujitsu Tokwa Daiju-sho (Orden der Aufgehenden Sonne mit Paulownia-Blüten ((2 Dezember 1963). (German)
  5. Department of the Army, Headquarters: General Orders, No. 13. April 6, 1964.
  6. Rutledge, Martha. (1979). "Barton, Sir Edmund (1849 - 1920)," Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 7, pp 194–200; Scaramouche. "Sir Edmund Barton"
  7. FIFA: Honors, Sepp Blatter.
  8. Honor awarded 2000 -- Awards; Cillizza, Chris. "Hawaii Sen. Daniel Inouye dies at age 88," Washington Post. December 17, 2012; retrieved 2012-12-17.
  9. Embassy of the Republic of Kenya in Japan: Wangari Maathai, 2009.
  10. C. J. Lloyd. "McEwen, Sir John (1900–1980)". Retrieved 2011-11-05.
  11. Honor awarded 1973 -- National Archives of Australia
  12. S Ramesh. "Goh Chok Tong to receive award from Japanese emperor". Retrieved 24 October 2011.
  13. 13.0 13.1 NNDB: Order of the Rising Sun
  14. Keene Center of Japanese Culture, About Donald Keene; retrieved 2012-11-02.
  15. "Japan honors Clint Eastwood in spring decorations," Japan Today. April 29, 2008.
  16. Kenrick, Vivienne. "Personality Profile: Ian Nish," Japan Times. September 18, 2004.
  17. "Martha Argerich - IMG Artists"
  18. "George Tekei, bio notes". Retrieved 2011-11-05.
  19. Honor awarded 1996 -- Columbia University, Department of East Asian Languages and Cultures, Faculty Profiles
  20. Honor awarded 1983 -- "Origami artist of stunning originality who became an ambassador for Japanese culture and his art". The Times (London). March 30, 2005; Lister, David. "Obituary: Akira Yoshizawa; Japanese craftsman who singlehandedly revived the art of origami," The Guardian (Manchester). April 8, 2005.
  21. Honor awarded on 1971 -- Henshall, Mary. "Pioneer Portraits: Henry and Fumiko Fujii," Idaho Yesterdays, Spring, 1975, pp. 20–27; Washington State University Libraries: "Furthering friendship between Japan and the United States, April 1971"

Further reading

  • Peterson, James W., Barry C. Weaver and Michael A. Quigley. (2001). Orders and Medals of Japan and Associated States. San Ramon, California: Orders and Medals Society of America. ISBN 1-890974-09-9

Other websites

Media related to Order of the Rising Sun at Wikimedia Commons