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Emperor Meiji

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Emperor of Japan
Meiji tenno1.jpg
Reign 3 February 1867–30 July 1912
(&&&&&&&&&&&&&045.&&&&&045 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0178.&&&&&0178 days)
Born 3 November 1852(1852-11-03)
Birthplace Kyoto
Died 30 July 1912(1912-07-30) (aged 59)
Place of death Tokyo
Buried Mozu no Mimihara no naka no misasagi (Osaka)
Predecessor Kōmei
Successor Taishō

Emperor Meiji (明治天皇 Meiji-tennō?, 3 November 1852–30 July 1912) was the 122nd emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession.[1] His reign lasted from 1867 until his death.[2]

Events of Meiji's life

Meiji's reign was marked by many changes including the move of the Imperial court from Kyoto to Tokyo.


A timeline of major events includes:

  • 1860 (Ansei 7): Sachinomiya becomes official heir and his personal name (imina) becomes Mutsuhito.
  • 1867 (Keiō 3): Kōmei dies and the responsibility of the throne passes to Crown Prince Mutsuhito.[3]
Proclamation of Meiji Constitution
The Emperor in a formal session of the Diet.
  • 1912 (Meiji 45): The emperor dies

After death

He died in Toyko. A detailed account of the state funeral in the New York Times concluded with an observation: "The contrast between that which preceded the funeral car and that which followed it was striking indeed. Before it went old Japan; after it came new Japan."[7]

The spirits of Emperor Meiji and his wife are honored at the Meiji Shrine (明治神宮 Meiji Jingū?) in Tokyo.[8]


Related pages


The chrysanthemum symbol of the Japanese emperor and his family.
  1. Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 明治天皇 (122); retrieved 2011-10-16.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric et al. (2002). "Traditional order of Tennō" in Japan encyclopedia, pp. 962-963.
  3. Nussbaum, "Kōmei Tennō" at p. 553.
  4. Nussbaum, "Meiji" at p. 624.
  5. Nussbaum, "Meiji Tennō" at p. 624.
  6. Nussbaum, "Taishō Tennō" at p. 929.
  7. "The Funeral Ceremonies of Meiji Tenno" reprinted from the Japan Advertiser [Article 8—No Title], New York Times. 13 October 1912; retrieved 2011-10-16.
  8., "Meiji Shrine"; Meiji jingū, "Introduction"; retrieved 2012-6-13.
  9. "The Mikado's Garter," New York Times. 28 July 1906; retrieved 2011-10-16.

Further reading

Other websites

Media related to Meiji Emperor at Wikimedia Commons

Preceded by
Emperor Kōmei
Emperor of Japan

Succeeded by
Emperor Taishō