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Empire of Japan
Empire of Japan
Dai Nippon Teikoku
|Historical era||Meiji • Taishō • Shōwa|
|3 January 1868|
|3 May 1947|
|Empire of Japan|
|Literal meaning||Eastern Capital|
The Empire of Japan (Japanese: 大日本帝国; said Dai Nippon Teikoku; officially Empire of Greater Japan or Greater Japanese Empire; also called Imperial Japan and the Japanese Empire) was a government of the areas ruled by Japan during the period from the Meiji Restoration to the Japanese defeat in World War II. The Emperors during this time, were Emperor Meiji (Mutsuhito), Emperor Taishō (Yoshihito) and Emperor Shōwa (Hirohito). It is considered to go from the year 1868 to 1945.
In those years, Japan changed very much. It became one of the most powerful countries in the world. Japan built a powerful army and navy, and changed from an agricultural to an industrial economy. The Japanese began to invade and occupy other near countries like Korea, Taiwan, and part of China to get resources.
The Empire of Japan surrendered to the Allies on September 2, 1945 after the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, after a long war against the Allied nations of World War II. The Allies occupied the country and led many changes, including a new constitution. Allied occupation and reconstruction of the country continued well into the 1950s.
- One can date the "restoration" of imperial rule from the edict of January 3, 1868. Jansen, p.334.
- "Chronological table 5 1 December 1946 – 23 June 1947". National Diet Library. http://www.ndl.go.jp/constitution/e/etc/history05.html. Retrieved September 30, 2010.