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Physical fitness is the ability to be physically active. A person is physically fit if he or she can pass tests designed to measure physical performance. Such tests are necessary for some occupations, such as soldiers and firefighters.
Physical fitness has two components: general fitness (a state of health and well-being) and specific fitness (the ability to perform specific aspects of sports or occupations).
Components of physical fitness
The President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports — a study group sponsored by the United States Government — declines to offer a simple definition of physical fitness. Instead, it developed the following chart:
|Physiological||Health Related||Skill Related||Sports|
|Metabolic||Body Composition||Agility||Team sport|
Accordingly, a general-purpose physical fitness program must address those issues.