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Physical fitness

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Physical fitness is the ability to be physically active. A person is physically fit if he or she can pass tests designed to measure physical performance. Such tests are necessary for some occupations, such as soldiers and firefighters.

Physical fitness has two components: general fitness (a state of health and well-being) and specific fitness (the ability to perform specific aspects of sports or occupations).

Fitness training for kids: jumping exercise of 2-year boy [1].

Components of physical fitness

The President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports — a study group sponsored by the United States Government — declines to offer a simple definition of physical fitness. Instead, it developed the following chart:[1]

Physiological Health Related Skill Related Sports
Metabolic Body Composition Agility Team sport
Morphological Cardiovascular Fitness Balance Individual
Bone Integrity Flexibility Coordination Lifetime
Other Endurance Power Other
Muscle Strength Speed
Reaction time

Accordingly, a general-purpose physical fitness program must address those issues.[2]

Ancient icons of physical fitness

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