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Raleigh, North Carolina

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City of Raleigh
Flag of Raleigh
Official seal of Raleigh
Map of Wake County, North Carolina
CountryUnited States of America
StateNorth Carolina
CountiesWake, Durham
 • MayorNancy McFarlane (D)
 • Total144.8 sq mi (375 km2)
 • Land142.8 sq mi (369 km2)
 • Water2.0 sq mi (2.5 km2)
315 ft (96 m)
 (Census 2010)[1][2]
 • Total403,892 (43rd)
 • Density2,826.3/sq mi (1,097.17/km2)
 • MSA
 • CSA
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
FIPS code37-55000[3]
GNIS feature ID1024242[4]

Raleigh (pronounced /ˈrɔːli/, RALL-lee[5]) is the capital and the second largest city in the state of North Carolina as well as the county seat of Wake County. Raleigh is known as the "City of Oaks" for its many oak trees.[6] This area of the state called the "Triangle." It is called this because there are a total of three cities near each other; besides Raleigh, there are also the cities of Chapel Hill and Durham in the area. Some other towns nearby are Cary, Apex, Wake Forest, Garner, Holly Springs, and Carrboro. It has about 405,000 people and is growing quickly. The population of the city and nearby area is about 1 million.


Fayetteville Street during the 1910s. The North Carolina State Capitol can be seen in the background

Raleigh was started in 1770. In 1788, it became North Carolina's state capital. The first state fair happened in 1853 and has kept on happening. Raleigh was not hurt by the Civil War. It did not grow much after the Civil War.

In the early 1900s, Raleigh had streetcars, but they got rid of them later. Raleigh got its first TV station in 1956. In 1959, the Research Triangle Park was built. This caused people to move to the area for the jobs. In the late 1900s, Interstate 40 and Interstate 440 (freeways)were built, helping traffic. Since the late 1900s, Raleigh has grown quickly.


Raleigh is in north-central North Carolina. It is in a hilly area.


Raleigh has a mild climate. The summers are hot, with an average high of about 90°F (32°C). The winters are cool, with an average high of about 50°F (10°C). It snows about twice a year with a total of six inches (15 centimeters). Raleigh also gets around 45 inches of rain.


Raleigh has a lot of good transportation. Some freeways are Interstate 40, I-440, and I-540. Some highways are U.S. Route 1, 64, and 70, and N.C. highway 50. Raleigh also has a Amtrak station and a big airport.

Other things

Raleigh has a lot of museums. North Carolina State University is also in Raleigh.

Raleigh is pretty rich, but there are some poor areas.[7] The region also has a lot of suburban developments, but there are some crowded areas.


  1. "Table 1: Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places Over 100,000, Ranked by July 1, 2008 Population: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008" (CSV). 2008 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. July 1, 2008. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
  2. "Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008" (CSV). 2008 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. July 1, 2009. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
  3. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. Wells, John C. (2009). "Ralegh, Raleigh". Longman Pronunciation Dictionary. London: Pearson Longman. ISBN 9781405881180 .
  6. "Population & Census Information". City of Raleigh. Retrieved 2009-08-21.

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