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He was born in Llandaff, Cardiff, Wales to Norwegian parents. He was educated in England and then worked in Africa for Shell Oil Company. In the Second World War, he was an RAF fighter pilot. It was after an air-crash and "a monumental bash on the head" that he began to write. The crash was the subject of his first published story, "Shot Down Over Libya".
His stories are full of huge, wild ideas and he hoped they would help children to learn to love books. He is the world's most popular children's writer.
He wrote many famous children's stories and adult horror stories. Many of his books and stories have been made into films and TV shows all over the world. Among his most popular books are Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, James and the Giant Peach, Matilda, The Witches, The BFG, and Kiss Kiss. Many of his children's books have pictures drawn by Quentin Blake.
He was married to Patricia Neal from 1953 until they divorced in 1983. They had four daughters (one of whom died before them) and a son. Dahl was married to Felicity Crosland from 1983 until his death. He lived in Great Missenden, Buckinghamshire. He died on the morning of November 23, 1990 in Oxford, Oxfordshire, England from myelodysplastic syndrome, aged 74.
There is a Roald Dahl Museum and Story Centre in Great Missenden which shows the work of Dahl.
- The Witches
- The Wonderful Story of Henry Sugar
- George's Marvellous Medicine
- Danny the Champion of the World
- Charlie and the Chocolate Factory
- Charlie and the Great Glass Elevator
- Esio Trot
- The Giraffe and the Pelly and Me
- The Enormous Crocodile
- James and the Giant Peach
- Kiss Kiss
- The BFG
- The Twits
- The Gremlins
- Sometime Never: A Fable for Supermen
- Going Solo
- The Minpins
- The Vicar of Nibbleswicke
- "Roald Dahl (British author) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia". britannica.com. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/149746/Roald-Dahl. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
- Philip Howard, "Dahl, Roald (1916–1990)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004