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Robert Mugabe

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Robert Mugabe
A photograph of Robert Mugabe
2nd President of Zimbabwe
In office
31 December 1987 – 21 November 2017
Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai (2009–2013)
First Vice President
Second Vice President
Preceded by Canaan Banana
Succeeded by Emmerson Mnangagwa
1st Prime Minister of Zimbabwe
In office
18 April 1980 – 31 December 1987
President Canaan Banana
Deputy Simon Muzenda
Preceded by Abel Muzorewa (Zimbabwe Rhodesia)
Succeeded by Morgan Tsvangirai (2009)
Leader and First Secretary of ZANU–PF
Zimbabwe African National Union (1975–1987)
In office
18 March 1975 – 19 November 2017
Second Secretary
Preceded by Herbert Chitepo
Succeeded by Emmerson Mnangagwa
13th Chairperson of the African Union
In office
30 January 2015 – 30 January 2016
Leader Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma
Preceded by Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz
Succeeded by Idriss Déby
10th Secretary General of the
Non-Aligned Movement
In office
6 September 1986 – 7 September 1989
Deputy Janez Drnovšek
Preceded by Zail Singh
Succeeded by Janez Drnovšek
Personal details
Robert Gabriel Mugabe

21 February 1924(1924-02-21)
Kutama, Southern Rhodesia
Died 6 September 2019(2019-09-06) (aged 95)
Political party National Democratic Party (1960–1961)
Zimbabwe African People's Union (1961–1963)
Zimbabwe African National Union (1963–1987)
Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (1987–2017)
Spouse(s) Sally Hayfron (m. 1961–1992) «start: (1961)–end+1: (1993)»"Marriage: Sally Hayfron to Robert Mugabe" Location: (linkback:
Grace Marufu (m. 1996–present) «start: (1996)»"Marriage: Grace Marufu to Robert Mugabe" Location: (linkback:
Children 4, including Bona
Alma mater University of Fort Hare
University of South Africa
University of London International Programmes

Robert Gabriel Mugabe (21 February 1924 – 6 September 2019) was a Zimbabwean politician. He was the President of Zimbabwe from 1987 to 2017. Before that, he was Prime Minister, the head of government, after being elected in 1980.[1] For many years before he resigned, Mugabe ruled his country in the style of a dictator.

His first years as leader were prosperous. He introduced land reforms, which were supposed to give the land owned by white people back to the "original" black owners.[2] This has had a serious impact on how the country is seen from outside. In recent years, Mugabe has allowed violence against the white citizens of the country as well as to opposition leaders of all races. The reforms were done in 1998. In 2001, the United Nations imposed sanctions against Zimbabwe. This was done because human rights abuses came to the attention of the United Nations.

On November 15, 2017, he was placed under house arrest[3] as Zimbabwe's military took control in a coup.[4] On November 21, 2017, Mugabe resigned as President of Zimbabwe.[5] It ended his rule of 37 years.

Mugabe was hospitalized in April 2019, making the last of several trips to Singapore for medical treatment.[6][7] He died on 6 September 2019 at a Singapore hospital, at the age of 95.[8]


Other websites

Media related to Robert Mugabe at Wikimedia Commons Quotations related to Robert Mugabe at WikiquoteTemplate:African Union chairpersons