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Santa Cruz, California

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Official seal of Santa Cruz
Official logo of Santa Cruz
Location in Santa Cruz County and the state of California
Location in Santa Cruz County and the state of California
Coordinates: 36°58′19″N 122°1′35″W / 36.97194°N 122.02639°W / 36.97194; -122.02639Coordinates: 36°58′19″N 122°1′35″W / 36.97194°N 122.02639°W / 36.97194; -122.02639
Country United States
State California
CountyFlag of Santa Cruz County, California.svg Santa Cruz
MissionSeptember 25, 1791[1]
IncorporatedMarch 31, 1866[2]
CharteredApril 1876[3]
 • TypeCouncil/Manager[3]
 • MayorDavid Terrazas[4]
 • State senatorBill Monning (D)[5]
 • AssemblymemberMark Stone (D)[5]
 • United States representativesAnna Eshoo (D) and Jimmy Panetta (D)[6]
 • City15.83 sq mi (41.00 km2)
 • Land12.74 sq mi (33.00 km2)
 • Water3.09 sq mi (8.00 km2)  19.51%
 • Urban
58.4 sq mi (151.1 km2)
 • Metro
607 sq mi (1,570 km2)
Elevation36 ft (11 m)
 • City59,946
 • Estimate 
 • Density5,060.05/sq mi (1,953.65/km2)
 • Urban163,703
 • Metro262,382
Time zoneUTC−8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP codes[12]
FIPS code06-69112
GNIS feature IDs1659596, 2411820
A surfer near Santa Cruz

Santa Cruz, California is a city north of Monterey Bay. Santa Cruz is about 100 miles (60 km) south of San Francisco. Santa Cruz was first settled by Ohlone Indians, Native American hunter-gatherers. Santa Cruz was colonized in the mid-1700s by the Spanish. They created a mission, (Mission Santa Cruz). The Spanish forced the Ohlones in the mission. Their populations began to decline because of diseases and overworking.

Americans first arrived in Santa Cruz in the 19th century. They were immigrants from Italy, China and Portugal. Around the same time, forestry and commercial fishing were the first industries. There were also diary farming and leather production. Santa Cruz is most famous for their university. The University of California, Santa Cruz was built in the 1960s. The 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake had a major effect in Santa Cruz. It killed five people.

The industries that are present in Santa Cruz are agriculture, tourism and high technology. The climate in Santa Cruz is Mediterranean. This means that they have mild summers because of fog. Winters are usually rainy; however, the city has dealt with many droughts.


  1. Yenne, Bill (2004). The Missions of California. Thunder Bay Press, San Diego, California. p. 112. ISBN 1-59223-319-8 . 
  2. "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original on February 21, 2013. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "A Guide to Your City Government". City of Santa Cruz. Retrieved February 4, 2015. 
  4. David Terrazas. Santa Cruz can’t do it on its own. Santa Cruz Sentinel. Retrieved December 20, 2017. "David Terrazas is the new mayor of Santa Cruz as of this month.". 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved October 8, 2014. 
  6. "Communities of Interest – City". California Citizens Redistricting Commission. Retrieved September 27, 2014. 
  7. "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jun 28, 2017. 
  8. "Santa Cruz". United States Geological Survey. 
  9. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-06-15. 
  10. "Census Urban Area List". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2018. 
  11. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 20, 2015. 
  12. "ZIP Code(tm) Lookup". United States Postal Service.!input.action. Retrieved December 1, 2014. 

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