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San Francisco

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City and County of San Francisco
Flag of San Francisco
Country United States
State California
Founded June 29, 1776
Incorporated April 16, 1850[7]
Founded by Lieutenant José Joaquin Moraga and Father Francisco Palóu
Named for Saint Francis of Assisi
 • Type Mayor-Council
 • Mayor Edwin M. Lee
 • Board of Supervisors
 • State Assembly Fiona Ma (D)
Tom Ammiano (D)
 • State Senate Mark Leno (D)
Leland Yee (D)
 • U.S. House Nancy Pelosi (D)
Jackie Speier (D)
 • City and county 231.89 sq mi (600.6 km2)
 • Land 46.87 sq mi (121.4 km2)
 • Water 185.02 sq mi (479.2 km2)  79.79%
 • Metro
3,524.4 sq mi (9,128 km2)
52 ft (16 m)
Highest elevation
925 ft (282 m)
Lowest elevation
0 ft (0 m)
CSA: 7,468,390
 • Density 17,179.2/sq mi (6,632.9/km2)
 • Urban
 • Metro

San Francisco is a city in the American state of California. It is famous for the Golden Gate Bridge. With a population of 744,041, San Francisco is the 4th largest city in California behind Los Angeles, San Diego, and San Jose. It is in the northern part of California, between the Pacific Ocean and the San Francisco Bay.

San Francisco was founded in 1776 by the Spanish conquerors. It was called "Yerba Buena" which is Spanish for "Good Herb", because mint grew there in abundance. After the Mexican-American War, Yerba Buena was taken over by the United States. In 1848 it was renamed "San Francisco" and became a city in 1850.

San Francisco has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate (Csb in the Koeppen climate classification).


  1. "Don't Call It Frisco". San Francisco Examiner, San Francisco Chronicle: p. 6. April 3, 1918. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
  2. Although many residents still maintain that the nickname "Frisco" is taboo, many residents, especially younger and working-class natives, have kept the term alive and well. In any case, this is a matter of ongoing debate that reflects certain cultural divisions within The City.Sullivan, James (October 14, 2003). "Frisco, that once-verboten term for the city by the bay, is making a comeback among the young and hip. Herb Caen is spinning at warp speed.". San Francisco Chronicle: p. D-1. Retrieved June 12, 2008.
  3. Some tourists refer to San Francisco as "Frisco." However, locals discourage this. Samuel D. Cohen writes that many credit "Friscophobia" to newspaper columnist Herb Caen, whose first book, published in 1953, was "Don't Call it Frisco" after a 1918 newspaper article of the same name. Caen was considered by many to be the recognized authority on what was, and what was not, beneath the city's dignity, and to him, Frisco was intolerable.Cohen, Sam (September 11, 1997). "Locals know best: only tourists call it 'Frisco'". Golden Gater Online. San Francisco State University. Archived from the original on March 21, 2012. Retrieved July 13, 2008.
  4. "PPIE: The City That Knows How". Amusing America. San Francisco Public Library. March 29, 2005. Retrieved June 14, 2008.
  5. Caen, Herb (1949). Baghdad-by-the-Bay. Garden City, New York: Doubleday. ISBN 978-0-89174-047-6 . OCLC 31060237 . LC F869.S3 C12.
  6. "The City". UnknownWW2InColor. UnknownWW2InColor (Ramano-Archives). 1939. Retrieved June 5, 2009.
  7. "Incorporation Dates of California Cities" (Word). Archived from the original on 2007-07-14. Retrieved June 22, 2011.
  8. 8.0 8.1 "GCT-PH1 - Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- Census Tract". 2010 United States Census Summary File 1. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
  9. "GCT-PL2 - Population and Housing Occupancy Status: 2010 - United States -- Combined Statistical Area with Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Area Components; and for Puerto Rico". 2010 United States Census Summary File 1. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 11, 2011.

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