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Location of Shenzhen City jurisdiction in Guangdong
Location of Shenzhen City jurisdiction in Guangdong
CountryPeople's Republic of China
County-level divisions6
CityMarch 1979
SEZ formed1 May 1980
 • TypeSub-provincial city
 • CPC Committee SecretaryMa Xingrui
 • MayorXu Qin
 • Sub-provincial city2,050 km2 (790 sq mi)
 • Urban
1,991.64 km2 (768.98 sq mi)
0-943.7 m (0-3,145.7 ft)
 • Sub-provincial city10,630,000
 • Density5,185/km2 (13,430/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Urban density5,337.3/km2 (13,824/sq mi)
 • Major ethnicities
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
 - TotalCNY 1.600 trillion
USD 260.48 billion
 - per capitaCNY 149,500
USD 24,336
 - GrowthIncrease 8.8%
Licence plate prefixes粤B
City flowerBougainvillea
City treesLychee and mangrove[3]

Shenzhen (Chinese: 深圳) is a city in Guangdong province, China. It is just north of Hong Kong. It has a subtropical climate.

Until recently, Shenzhen was a fishing village with just over 30,000 people. In 1980, under the leadership of Deng Xiaoping, Shenzhen became one of China's Special Economic Zones (SEZ). It was in this city where China first experimented with capitalism. Since then, its population has grown to about 10.6 million people.[4]

Shenzhen is a progressive city. It has a strong economic connection with Hong Kong. It is also one of the main trading centers of the Pearl River Delta.[5] The manufacturing company Gionee is located in the city.

Twin towns — Sister cities


  1. "Overview, General Info, Shenzhen Government Online[1"]. Shenzhen Government Online. 5 February 2015. Retrieved 5 February 2015. 
  2. "Shenzhen's GDP per capita reached 149.5 thousand Yuan in 2014 which ranked the first among all sub-provincial cities" (in Chinese). China Economics. 
  3. "ShenZhen Government Online". Retrieved 25 May 2015. 
  4. Shenzhen Government Online. "Overview", March 24, 2015
  5. Wu, Annie (August 11, 2014). "China highlights". Retrieved January 11, 2015. 
The Central Business of Shenzhen
Looking down Shenzhen from a tall building