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Dèng Xiǎopíng listen (info • help) (simplified Chinese: 邓小平; traditional Chinese: 鄧小平, in English also written Teng Hsiao-p'ing; 22 August 1904– 19 February 1997) was an important Chinese revolutionary, politician and reformer. He was the leader of the Communist Party of China (CPC). Deng never held office as the head of state or the head of government, but was the de facto leader of the People's Republic of China from 1978 to the early 1990s. Deng has often been described as a pragmatist due to his open market policies after the death of Mao, whilst not deviating much from the original socialist elements of the People's Republic of China. Deng died of an infection and Parkinson's disease in Beijing.
- ⎡ 不管黑猫白猫,能捉老鼠就是好猫。⎦ Translation: Don't care about whether it is a black cat or a white cat; as long as it is able to catch the mouse, it is a good cat.
- ⎡ 摸着石頭過河。⎦Translation: To cross a shallow river, one must follow the rocks under the water.
- ⎡小朋友不聴話,該打打屁股了。⎦ Translation: It's time to smack the bottom of unruly little children. (When he informed president Jimmy Carter during his visit to the United States, that China was ready to go to war with Vietnam.)