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Macao Special Administrative [1]
Region of the People's
Republic of China
  • 中華人民共和國澳門特別行政區
  • Região Administrativa Especial de Macau da República Popular da China
Anthem:  File:March of the Volunteers instrumental.ogg
Clockwise from top right:Ruins of St. Paul's; Casino Lisboa; St Joseph Seminary Church; Governor Nobre de Carvalho Bridge; A-Ma Temple; Guia Fortress; Macau Tower.
Official languages
Spoken languages
Writing systems
Ethnic groups
Demonym Macanese
Government Special administrative region
 -  Chief Executive Fernando Chui
 -  Administration and Justice Secretary Florinda Chan
 -  Court President Sam Hou Fai
 -  Assembly President Lau Cheok Va
Legislature Legislative Assembly
 -  Portuguese administration 1557 
 -  Portuguese colony 1 December 1887 
 -  Transfer of
20 December 1999 
 -  Total 29.5 km2 (235th)
11.39 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 0
 -  2012a estimate 568,700[3] (167th)
 -  2011 census 552,503[4] (167th)
 -  Density 18,568/km2 (1st)
48,092/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total US$47.19 billion (98th)
 -  Per capita US$82,400 (4th)
GDP (nominal) 2012 [5] estimate
 -  Total US$44.300 billion (98th)
 -  Per capita US$77,353 (4th)
HDI (2007)Steady 0.944[6]
very high · 25th
Currency Macanese pataca (MOP)
Time zone MST (UTC+8)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC)
Drives on the left
Calling code +853
ISO 3166 code MO
Internet TLD .mo
a. Second quarter.
Macau in Chinese T.png
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 澳門
Simplified Chinese 澳门
Cantonese Jyutping ou3mun4*2
Cantonese Yale Oumùhn
Hanyu Pinyin Àomén
Literal meaning Bay gate
Macao Special Administrative Region
Traditional Chinese 澳門特別行政區 (or 澳門特區)
Simplified Chinese 澳门特别行政区 (or 澳门特区)
Portuguese name
Portuguese Região Administrativa Especial de Macau for "Macau Special Administrative Region"

The Macao Special Administrative Region (Macau or Macao, Pinyin: Aomen, Cantonese: Ou Mun) is one of China's two Special Administrative Regions. (The other one is Hong Kong). Macau is a small city in the southern coast in China. It consists of Macau Peninsula (Aomen Bandao), Taipa Island (Dangzai Dao), Coloane Island (Luhuan Dao) and Cotai (Ludangcheng), the new reclaimed land between Taipa and Coloane. It is very densely populated, with over half a million people.

Macao used to be a colony of Portugal. Today, Macao mostly lives from offshore gambling. They make some money from exporting clothing.


  1. As reflected in the Chinese text of the Macau emblem, the text of the Macao Basic Law, and the Macao Government Website, the full name of the territory is the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China. Although the convention of "Macao Special Administrative Region", "Macao" and "Macau" can also be used.
  2. The Macau Basic Law states that the official languages are "Chinese and Portuguese." It does not explicitly specify the standard for "Chinese". While Mandarin and Simplified Chinese characters are used as the spoken and written standards in mainland China, Cantonese and Traditional Chinese characters are the long-established de facto standards in Macau.
  3. "Demographic Statistics for the 2nd Quarter 2012". Statistics and Census Service. Macao SAR Government. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  4. "Results of 2011 Population Census". Statistics and Census Service. Macao SAR Government. Retrieved 14 August 2012.
  5. CIA World Factbook
  6. "Macao in Figures 2010". Statistics and Census Service, Macau SAR. 2010. Retrieved 1 July 2010.