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Spanish colonization of the Americas
The Spanish expanded their territories in America over four centuries till it included Central America, most of South America, Mexico, the South of what today is Southern United States, the Western part of what today is Central United States, the Southwestern part of what today is British Columbia in Canada, and even reaching Alaska. At the beginning of the nineteenth century, the Spanish possessions in America began a series of independence movements, which lead to the complete separation from Spain by the mid 1820's of Mexico, and the colonies in Central and South American. The remaining Spanish colonies, Cuba and Puerto Rico, were lost in 1898 as a consequence of the Spanish-American War.
- Sources about the presence of Spaniards in Alaska, British Columbia and Oregon: Study of the Instituto Cervantes, Study of the Fundació d'Estudis Històrics de Catalunya. In fact, New Spain formally ruled the Southwestern part of what today is the British Columbia (Source)
- Spanish Exploration and Conquest of North America
- Dr. Robert Jackson's Missions of South America
- Spanish Colonial Missions Initiatve NPS/INAH