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Stanley Cohen (biochemist)
|Born||November 17, 1922|
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Died||February 5, 2020 (aged 97)|
Nashville, Tennessee, U.S.
|Institutions||Washington University in St. Louis|
|Alma mater||University of Michigan|
|Known for||Nerve growth factor|
|Notable awards||Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1986)|
The Franklin Medal (1987)
Stanley Cohen (November 17, 1922 – February 5, 2020) was an American biochemist of Jewish descent. He won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1986. His research helped people understand how cancer starts and how to design anti-cancer drugs.
Cohen majored in chemistry and biology at Brooklyn College. He received a bachelor's degree in 1943, and worked as a bacteriologist at a plant that processes milk. Later in 1945, he received an M.A. in zoology from Oberlin College. He also received a Ph.D. from the department of biochemistry at the University of Michigan in 1948.
In the 1950s, Cohen worked with Rita Levi-Montalcini at Washington University in St. Louis. He isolated the nerve growth factor and then discovered the epidermal growth factor. In 1959, he began teaching biochemistry at Vanderbilt University.
- "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1986". nobelprize.org. The Nobel Foundation. Archived from the original on 29 March 2011. https://www.webcitation.org/5xXh2j7Vc. Retrieved 29 March 2011.
- "Hall of Honor Inductee: Dr. Stanley Cohen". National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. January 24, 2007. Archived from the original on 29 March 2011. https://www.webcitation.org/5xXhBVmIX. Retrieved 29 March 2011.
- Cohen S; Chang A.; Boyer H. & Helling R. 1973. Construction of biologically functional bacterial plasmids in vitro. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 70 (11): 3240–3244. 
- Biochemist and Nobel Prize winner Stanley Cohen dies in Nashville at age 97